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201 "Notes Upon the Ancestry of William Hutchinson and Anne Marbury" by Joseph Lemuel Chester, Boston, 1866, pg. 8: "Jane, who was married before her father's death to Edmund Knight, afterwards an Alderman of Lincoln. He was buried on the 10th of September, 1584, and she appears to have died before 1583."

HUTCHINSON, Jane (I36326)
202 "Notes Upon the Ancestry of William Hutchinson and Anne Marbury" by Joseph Lemuel Chester, Boston, 1866, pg. 8: "John, a minor at his father's death, was still living at that of his brother William."

HUTCHINSON, John (I36324)
203 "Notes Upon the Ancestry of William Hutchinson and Anne Marbury" by Joseph Lemuel Chester, Boston, 1866, pg. 9: "Mary, who was married at St. Peter at Gowts, in the city of Lincoln, on the 13th of September, 1578, to George Freeston, of Alford, in the county of Lincoln, yeoman. They had four children, all baptized at Alford.... Of these, Robert and John died in their infancy, and were buried at Alford, and their father was also buried there on the 22nd of November 1588. His widow Mary subsequently re-married ___ Cuthbert, and was still living in 1611, with her sons Richard Freeston (who had a son George) and Nathaniel Cuthbert."

HUTCHINSON, Mary (I36314)
204 "Notes Upon the Ancestry of William Hutchinson and Anne Marbury" by Joseph Lemuel Chester, Boston, 1866, pgs. 1-2: "Before proceeding with the history of the immediate family of the earliest emigrant ancestor of Governor Hutchinson, it will be well to state that there is not the slighest authority for connecting him with the heraldic family of Yorkshire, either with the branch settled at Wykeham Abbey in that county, or that in Nottinghamshire from which descended the famous Colonel John Hutchinson. The theory that Edward Hutchinson, of Alford in Lincolnshire, father of William the emigrant, was identical with Edward Hutchinson of Wykeham Abbey, his contemporary, is entirely baseless; and it is quite certain that, if there was ever the most distant connection between the two families, it only existed many generations previous to their time. Edward Hutchinson of Wykeham Abbey, to whom the arms of the family were confirmed (not granted) in 1581, died early in the year 1591; his Will being dated on the 20th of February, and proved at York, on the 22d of April in that year; while Edward Hutchinson of Alford survived him more than forty years. The writer has successfully traced the subsequent history of the Wykeham branch, and is able to state positively that none of its members ever had anything to do with New England, or any connection with New England emigrants.

"It is proposed in this paper to confine the investigation to four generations, ending with that embracing the children of William Hutchinson, the founder of the race in New England. Hitherto nothing has been known of his father, except that his name was Edward, and that he lived at Alford, in Lincolnshire. The writer is able to present some additional facts respecting him, and also to establish his paternity. His grandfather has not been identified, and probably never can be, as he lived before the period of Parish Registers, left no Will that can be discovered, and was evidently of a very humble rank in life."

HUTCHINSON, William (I34685)
205 "Notes Upon the Ancestry of William Hutchinson and Anne Marbury" by Joseph Lemuel Chester, Boston, 1866, pgs. 10-11:

"Edward Hutchinson, the fifth and youngest son, and probably youngest child, of John Hutchinson, Mayor of Lincoln, was born about the year 1564, in the parish of St. Mary le Wigford in that city. Unfortunately, although the Marriage and Burial Registers of that parish commence as early as 1562, the Baptismal Register previous to 1621 is not now in existence, or is, at least, missing, so that the exact date of his birth cannot be ascertained. In the Corporation Records, however, during the year 1579, there appears an entry substantially as follows:--Edward Hochynson, son of John Hochynson, Alderman, deceased, enrolled apprentice to Edmund Knyght, Alderman and Mercer, of Lincoln, for eight years from the Feast of Pentecost, 19 Elizabeth [say the 27th of May, 1577]. A later record, on the 8th of February 1579/80, says that the said Edmund Knyght came before the Mayor, and assigned over the said apprentice and his indentures to Christopher Dobson, mercer, for the remainder of their term. The object of thus antedating the commencement of the term of apprenticeship is not quite clear, but the probability is that the Mercer's Company required a service of eight years, and that, in order that the term should expire when he became of full age, his master, who was also his brother-in-law, and an alderman as well, conveniently counted the two years preceding the date of the record, during which he had perhaps lived in the his family, as a portion of his actual term of service. The fact that he was so soon afterwards transferred to a new master also looks as though this view of the case was correct, and that the object of his friends was to secure his freedom at the usual age of twenty-one. This would establish the date of his birth as above given. He is mentioned in his brother William's Will in 1582-3, and proved that of his mother in 1586, when he must have been of full age. In 1592, he proved (as one of the Executors) the Will of his cousin Christopher (son of his uncle William Hutchinson), and is therein described as of Alford, and a Mercer. On the 10th of July, 1611, he is again mentioned by Margery Neale, daught6er of his Uncle William, who called him her cousin, and appoints him Supervisor of her Will. After completing his apprenticeship, he must have removed almost immediately from Lincoln to Alford, and established himself there in business where he continued until his death. His wife's name was Susan, she being thus called in the Will of Margery Neale just mentioned, who also left legacies to their daughter Hester (her goddaughter) and to their other children indiscriminately. Of her parentage nothing has yet been discovered. Edward Hutchinson left no Will, nor was his estate administered to: at least no record of either exists at the London or Lincoln Registries. This is an extraordinary and unaccountable fact, as it seems almost impossible, from his business, and the character of the matches made by his children, that he was not a man of considerable position and estate. His widow was still living in 1644, when her son John bequeathed her a small legacy. Edward Hutchinson was buried at Alford on the 14th of February, 1631/2, (not September, 1631, as is stated in the account in the N.E.H. and G. Register, xix. 14). By his wife Susan he had eleven children, all baptized at Alford. As the account in the Register, just mentioned, omits some of these children, and contains other errors, it will be well to correct it from the following enumeration, the result of a more careful and through examination of the Alford Registers."

HUTCHINSON, Edward (I34893)
206 "Notes Upon the Ancestry of William Hutchinson and Anne Marbury" by Joseph Lemuel Chester, Boston, 1866, pgs. 11-12:

"Margery Neale, her father's cousin, mentioned her in her Will, in 1611. She married at Alford on the 7th of October, 1613, to Rev. Thomas Rishworth (incorrectly Rushworth in the Parish Register and elsewhere). In his Will, dated 8 October, 1632, he describes himself as 'of Laceby, in the county of Lincoln, minister of the Word of God.' He had evidently been married before, as he mentions his daughter Faith Genyson, and her daughter Diana, his grandchild. He also mentions his eldest son Francis, and his son Thomas, who were probably by his first wife. His other children, viz., Susanna, Edward, Margaret and Charles, are all said to be minors, and were therefore the issue of Hester Hutchinson his second wife. These facts will throw light upon Mr. Savage's account of Edward Richworth, evidently her eldest son. She proved her husband's Will on the 20th of November, 1632, and is no further heard of, unless, as the writer suspects, she re-married one of the name of Harneis, of Grimsby (near Laceby, and where her husband left her a house, &c.), and was the one mentioned in her brother John's Will, in 1644, as his 'sister Harnis.'"

HUTCHINSON, Easter or Hester or Esther (I36296)
207 "Notes Upon the Ancestry of William Hutchinson and Anne Marbury" by Joseph Lemuel Chester, Boston, 1866, pgs. 12-13:

"John, baptized 18 May, 1595 (not 1598). He was also of Alford, and described himself in his Will, dated 7 June 1644, as a Woollen Draper. In the Alford Register, under date of 1 October, 1618, is recorded the marriage of John Hutchinson and Elizabeth Woodthorpe, who evidently had a son William baptized there 17 October 1619. It is possible that this was John Hutchinson, son of Edward, but more probable that it was one of that name (of whom there were several) belonging to the other branch of the family. Christopher Hutchinson, certainly of the family of Edward's brother William, also had two children baptized at Alford. At all events, neither this Elizabeth nor this son William was buried there. John Hutchinson was married on the 5th of October, 1626, at Little Ponton, near Grantham, in the county of Lincoln, to Bridget, daughter of William Bury, Esq., of Grantham (by his wife Emme, daughter of John Dryden, Esq., of Canons Ashby, in the county of Northampton), and sister of Sir William Bury, Kt. She was baptized at Grantham, 1 August 1602, and was, as will be seen hereafter, own cousin to the wife of her husband's brother, William Hutchinson. John Hutchinson was buried at Alford on the 20th of June 1644. His wife Bridget survived him, and remained his widow, nearly 45 years. She made her Will on the 26th of July 1671, but it was not proved until some months after her death. She was buried at Alford on the 14th of March 1688-9. This old Will was probably afterwards discovered, uncancelled, and, as she left no other, necessarily admitted to Probate."

HUTCHINSON, John (I36297)
208 "Notes Upon the Ancestry of William Hutchinson and Anne Marbury" by Joseph Lemuel Chester, Boston, 1866, pgs. 14-15:

"Richard, baptized 3 January, 1597-8. There is nothing to show he ever went to New England, although it is certain that he made investments there. He and his wife are mentioned in his brother John's Will, 7 June 1644, as then living in London. His own Will was made on the 4th of November, 1669, in which he describes himself as 'Citizen and Ironmonger of London.' The writer also discovered, in the Bodleian Library at Oxford, a list of autograph signatures, of the date of 1651, supposed to be the names of subscribers to a subsidy of L90,000 per month, for six months, ordered by the Parliament to provide means for the payment of its forces. The members of the various London companies appear to have subscribed liberally to this subsidy, and among the Ironmongers occur the names of Edward and Richard Hutchinson.... The only reference in his Will to New England is as follows:-- 'To my son William Hutchinson and his heirs, my houses, lands, saw-mill, and all other my estate real and personal, debts, credits, and stock, whatsoever, in New England, which I have not, by deed or otherwise, heretofore conveyed, or settled upon my son Eliakim; and more to William, L200, in goods sent this year for my own account.' This Will was proved on the 11th of April, 1670, and he probably died shortly before that date. His widow Mary, was then living, but has been no further traced."

HUTCHINSON, Richard (I36298)
209 "Notes Upon the Ancestry of William Hutchinson and Anne Marbury" by Joseph Lemuel Chester, Boston, 1866, pgs. 16-17:

"Edward, baptized 20 December, 1607. If he went to New England, he certainly returned before or in 1644, as he was one of the witnesses to his brother John's Will. It was doubtless he who subscribed to the subsidy in 1651, heretofore mentioned, when he was a member of the Ironmonger's Company, and probably in business in London. Both he and his wife are mentioned in his brother Richard's Will, in 1669, as still living, and probably in England, as he bequeathed to them L10, in cloth for mourning."

HUTCHINSON, Edward (I36291)
210 "Notes Upon the Ancestry of William Hutchinson and Anne Marbury" by Joseph Lemuel Chester, Boston, 1866, pgs. 17: "In the Parish Register his name occurs as Church Warden in the year 1620-1, and there is no further record of him or his family after the baptism of his youngest child in November, 1633."

HUTCHINSON, William (I34685)
211 "Notes Upon the Ancestry of William Hutchinson and Anne Marbury" by Joseph Lemuel Chester, Boston, 1866, pgs. 22-23: "Shortly after the baptism of Elizabeth, the last child baptized at Alford, when he was still described as a 'gentleman,' and after which, it will be remembered, the name never occurs again in the Alford Registers, Francis Marbury must have entered into holy orders, for, on the 28th of October 1605. he was presented to the Rectory of St. Martin Vintry in the city of London. On the 29th of February, 1607-8, he was also presented to the Rectory of St. Pancras, Soper Lane, which he resigned after about two years, and was presented, on the 15th of January, 1609-10, to the Rectory of St. Margaret, New Fish Street, which he held, in conjunction with St. Martin Vintry, until his death, which probably occurred late in 1610 or early 1611, as his successor at St. Margaret's was presented, 'per mort. Marbury,' on the 12th of February, 1610-11. It was probably at St. Martin Vintry that the marriage of William Hutchinson and his daughter Anne took place, but the loss of the early Registers of that church must ever leave this a matter of doubt."

MARBURY, Rev. Francis (I34823)
212 "Notes Upon the Ancestry of William Hutchinson and Anne Marbury" by Joseph Lemuel Chester, Boston, 1866, pgs. 4-5: "Thomas, of whom nothing is known, except that he is mentioned in his brother Christopher's Will, as having a daughter Margaret, who is also again named in her uncle William's Will as still living."

HUTCHINSON, Thomas (I36333)
213 "Notes Upon the Ancestry of William Hutchinson and Anne Marbury" by Joseph Lemuel Chester, Boston, 1866, pgs. 5-6: "William, who, at the time of his death, was a 'citizen and alderman of the city of Lincoln.' On a monument to one of his daughters, in one of the Lincoln churches, he is called 'Alderman and Tanner.' In the ancient records of the Corporation of the city of Lincoln, he is sometimes designated as 'Glover.' He appears to have worked himself up from his apprenticeship to a position of some standing as early as 1540, when he was appointed to collect certain moneys in behalf of the Corporation. In September, 1541, he was elected Sheriff of the city; in March, 1545, an Alderman; and in September, 1552, Mayor. His Will is dated on the 4th of January and proved the 6th of March, 1556/7. In it he mentions his brother John (to whom he leaves his official scarlet gown, and also his interest in certain land in Whisby), his sister Remington and her husband, and his brother Thomas's daughter. His wife's Christian name was Dorothy, by whom he had three sons and three daughters,...."

"Dorothy, their mother, widow of William Hutchinson, remarried Thomas Raithbeck, of Horncastle aforesaid, yeoman, whom she also survived, finally dying herself early in the year 1592."

HUTCHINSON, William (I36334)
214 "Notes Upon the Ancestry of William Hutchinson and Anne Marbury" by Joseph Lemuel Chester, Boston, 1866, pgs. 6-7:" John Hutchinson was apparently the youngest of the four brothers above named. From the Corporation Records before mentioned it appears that he was apprenticed, on the 23d of September, 1529, to Edward Atkinson, of the city of Lincoln, glover, for seven years, which establishes his birth in about the year 1515. Like his brother William, he also, after his apprenticeship had expired, pursued such a course as to secure the confidence of his fellow citizens, and is frequently mentioned as holding minor offices of trust in connection with the business of the Corporation, and rising to the dignity of Sheriff of the city, in September, 1647. On the 11th of April, 1556, he was elected an Alderman, and, in the following September, elevated to the Mayoralty. On the 21st of October, 1558, he was elected a Justice of the Peace for an unexpired term, and, on the 2d of October, 1561, that honor was again conferred upon him. In September, 1564, he was a second time elected Mayor, which office he held at the time of his death, which occurred on the 24th of May, 1565. He was buried in the church of St. Mary le Wigford, in the city of Lincoln, on the same day, and, as an illustration of the rapidity with which business was sometimes done in those times, it may be mentioned that the Corporation Records reveal the singular facts, that he died at four o'clock in the morning, and that his colleagues in office, having attended his funeral, elected his successor within sixteen hours after his decease. His Will was made on the previous 21st of April, and its bequests indicate that he had acquired considerable property. He left lands and houses to each of his sons, all of whom, as named below, he particularly mentions. To his eldest son William he bequeathed the estate at Whisby, formerly left to him by his own brother William, and also the Rectory and Parsonage of Cherry Willingham (near Lincoln), which he had doubtless acquired by purchase. His son Edward, and daughter Mary, he particularly commended to the kindness of his wife, who was probably their own mother. John Hutchinson had two wives. The christian name of the first was Margaret, and, from certain allusions in her husband's Will, it is probable that her surname was Browne."

"The date of the death of Margaret, the first wife of said John Hutchinson, Mayor, has not been ascertained. It is possible that she may have been the mother of his other two children, but the probabilities are otherwise. The christian name of his second wife was Anne, and she had evidently been married once, if not twice before. In her Will, dated the 25th of March and proved the 18th of September, 1586, she leaves a considerable legacy to her 'son William Clinte,' to increase a certain sum left him by his father's Will, which amount is to remain in the hands of her 'son Edward Kirkebie,' until the day of said William's marriage. She also mentions her 'son Thomas Pinder.' The two latter, it may be presumed, were her sons-in-law, and all the evidences to be gleaned from her Will tend to show that her former husband's name was Clinte. There is nothing, however, in it to indicate her own family surname. The reasons for presuming that John Hutchinson's two youngest children were by this second wife are, first, because he especially entrusts them to her custody, while he commits the guardianship of the elder children, proved to be by his first wife, to others; and, secondly, because in her Will, except leaving a very trifling legacy to Alice Dynison, she mentions none of the other children of John Hutchinson, but makes her 'son Edward Hutchinson' residuary legatee, and appoints him and her 'son-in-law George Freiston' (who had married Mary Hutchinson) her Executors."

HUTCHINSON, John (I36312)
215 "Notes Upon the Ancestry of William Hutchinson and Anne Marbury" by Joseph Lemuel Chester, Boston, 1866, pgs. 7-8: "Thomas, who was living, a minor, at the date of his father's Will; but, as he is not named in that of his brother William, was probably dead before 1582-3. On the 20th of December, 1571, and the 31st of January following, he is mentioned in the Corporation Records of Lincoln, as then of Ashby, near Horncastle, and a merchant of the Staple."

HUTCHINSON, Thomas (I36323)
216 "Olga C. Vance 8 July 1885" is carved on the gravestone of Olga's brother-in-law Horace Vance in New Hampshire, along with Horace and his two wives.  CHRISTENS, Olga C. (I91565)
217 "On 11 May 1694, when his father made his will, Joseph was unmarried and childless. On 23 December 1700 a daughter Deborah was baptized, with parents Joseph and Deborah Bass [NEHGR 59:361], and the claim has been mafde that this represents a second marriage for this Joseph. In his will, dated 5 April 1710, Joseph Bass Sr. named no wife or children, and made bequests to his siblings, to children of his siblings and to friends [SPR 18:447-48]. As the proposed second marriage for Joseph rests on this single record, and as it may be a defective record or may apply to another Joseph, we do not take it as evidence of a second marriage." BASS, Joseph (I31855)
218 "On 19 November 1645 Nathaniel Warren, son of Richard Warren, married at Plymouth Sarah Walker [PCR 2:94]. On 7 June 1653 'Mrs. Jane Collyare in behalf of her grandchild the wife of the said Nathaniel Warren' petitioned Plymouth Court in a land dispute [MD 3:141]. John Insley Coddington has suggested that when William Collier [abt 1585-bef 1671] married her, Jane Clark [d. aft 28 June 1666] was a widow, and that by her Clark husband she had a daughter who married a Walker [TAG 51:92-93]. Coddington further suggests that the Sara, daughter of William Walker, who was baptized at St. Olave's, Southwark, on 10 November 1622 was the grandchild of Jane Collier who married Nathaniel Warren. If this solution proves to be correct, it would also explain the 1650 land transaction in which William Collier granted to 'my kinsman William Clark' [PCR 12:182]." WALKER, Sarah (I29397)
219 "On 26 April 1648 a deed was recorded in which Josias Cobham and Maryh his wife and John Ilsly and Sarah his wife sold to 'John Shatswell, late of Ipswich, yeoman,' twenty acres of meadow and upland in Ipswich; '[t]his land was sold about eight years since, & [is] now in possession of Richard Shatswell.

"In his will, dated 11 February 1646 and proved 30 March 1647, 'John Satchwell of Ipswich though weak in body' bequeathed to 'my son Richard' all my houses and land, except part of the twenty-five acre lot from the upper end of the plowed land to the sea, and sixteen acres of pasture beyond Muddy River towards Rowley, which parcells of land I give to 'Johan my wife' for her life and to her issue if she have any, and for want of such issue, then to return to Richard 'my son his heirs and assigns.' 'If Richard shall not marry with Rebecca Tuttle which is now intended then my wife shall have her being in the house ... during her life unless she see good to dispose of herself otherwise.' If both Richard and Johan die without issue, then the land remaining should 'be equally divided between my brother and sisters' children that are here in New England'; to 'my brother Theophilus Shatswell' my best cloth suit and coat; to 'my brother Curwin' my stuff suit; to 'my sister Webster' seven yards of stuff and a young heiffer; 'my wife' sole executrix [EPR 1:60-1].

"The problem of the relationships among the various Shatswell immigrants to New England has puzzled many very good genealogists, and for many years the best account has been that prepared by Walter Goodwin Davis in 1945 [Annis Spear Anc 157-62]. Quite recently, however, David A. Macdonald has unearthed a document which resolves most of the outstanding questions [NEHGR 150:181-90]. The document in question, a chancery suit of 1627, shows that there were five Shatswell siblings: John, Theophilus, Margaret (who was already married to Matthew Curwen), Mary and Sibyl. The fate of Sibyl is not known, but the other four came to New England, Mary having married John Webster who settled in Ipswich. This leaves us without any demonstrated connection between this family and William Shatswell of Ipswich. Furthermore, William Sargent did not marry a Shatswell sibling, and his connection with Theophilus Shatswell must have come about in some other manner.

"According to some sources, Anne (Taylor) Tuttle, the widow of Richard Tuttle, married as her second husband Edward Holyoke [Hale, House 641, 772]. His daughter Mary married John Tuttle, son of Richard and Anne (Taylor) Tuttle, and on this basis Edward Holyoke in his will made a bequest to 'my son Tuttle'; this designation of Tuttle is adequately explained as that of son-in-law, so this alone does not prove the marriage to John Tuttle's mother.

"In his will John Shatswell named 'Johan my wife,' and then stated that 'if Richard shall not marry with Rebecca Tuttle which is now intended then my wife shall have her being in the house ... during her life unless she see good to dispose of herself otherwise'; this language suggests Rebecca Tuttle was in the Shatswell household because of her connection with the second wife of John Shatswell. After the death of John Shatswell, Joanna married as his second wife John Green of Charlestown, who made a bequest to 'Joanna Shachwell,' the grandchild of his wife. In 1664 Mark Quilter was taken to court for alleged abuse of Rebecca, Richard's wife. One of the documents filed in that suit was a deposition of 'Johanah Greene' who stated that Goodwife Quilter had 'diverse times come to my daughter's house' referring to Rebecca, the wife of Richard Shatswell. Both these records could be interpreted to mean that Rebecca was Joanna's own daughter, which would be the case if she were the widow of Richard Tuttle. Mary Lovering Holman accepted the marriage of John Green and Richard Tuttle's widow, but took no notice of marriage to John Shatswell [Pillsbury Anc 204].

"Two Boston land records resolve these conflicts. In the 1645 Boston Book of Possessions Anne Tuttle held three parcels of land [BBOP 7]. On 8 September 1648 'Edward Holiock & Anne his wife' of Boston sold to Richard Woodward of Watertown 'the windmill that is now standing in Boston ... as also the land whereon it doth stand being granted & given to Mr. Richard Tuttle now deceased'; Edward Holyoke signed this deed and 'Anne Tuttell' made her mark [SLR 1:12]. Anne (Taylor) Tuttle married as her second husband Edward Holyoke, and was his wife when the widow of John Shatswell was married to John Green."

SHATSWELL, John (I18869)
220 "On the thirteenth day of October one thousand and eight hundred and fifty five Henry Cotepland (hard to read) of Sutton, yeoman, Bachelor, and Elizabeth Goad of the same place, spinster, were after the due publication of Banns united in holy matrimony in the presence of the subscribing witnesses, by me, [illegible], Minister. Signed Henry Coupland, Elizabeth Goad, John W. Kelvey, Anne Coupland." Signed by Henry Coapland and Elizabeth Goad; witnesses are John McKelvey and Ann Coupland.  Family F11042
221 "On this sixteenth of September eighteen hundred and forty, Peter Laraway, yeoman, and Mary Golland, spinster, both of Dunham, and both of full age, were married after publication of banns in presence of the following persons." Chas C. Cotton, Minister. s/ Peter Laraway. s/ Mary Golland. s/ (?) Lilby or Lilly. s/ Jonas Laraway. Church of England.  Family F10812
222 "Ould Newbury" contains a lengthy description of George Carr and his sons' endeavors with their ferry business in Newbury, MA.

Pg. 76: In Felt's History of Ipswich, George Carr is described as a shipwright, born in England, and one of the settlers of the town of Ipswich in 1633. He removed with Elizabeth, his wife, to Salisbury, MA, in 1639. 
CARR, George (I8081)
223 "Ould Newbury," pg. 77: Died unmarried. CARR, Judith (I8052)
224 "Ould Newbury," pg. 77: Died unmarried. CARR, Sarah (I8058)
225 "Ould Newbury," pg. 77: Richard Carr drowned at nine o'clock in the evening while attending his duties as ferryman. CARR, Richard (I6399)
226 "Peter Hobart my Hon'd Father dyed the twentieth day of Jan: about 10 of the o'clock at night being munday and was buried on thursday ye 23 day In the 75 yeare of his age being 53 yeares a Labourer in the worke of the minnistrie." HOBART, Rev. Peter (I51696)
227 "Peter, and, wid. Elizabeth Kingsbery, Dec. 11, 1672" Family F12915
228 "Phil was respected and cherished by all his relatives and friends for his wisdom, common sense and good humor. He set an example for us all in how he lived."

Philip Gene Blair passed away December 11, 2010 in Vancouver, Washington. He was born in Vancouver at home on East Mill Plain to Fred and Maude Blair February 27, 1920. He attended Mill Plain County schools and graduated from Union High school in 1938 and later from Linfield College with a Master's degree in education.

Phil entered the Army Air corps during WW II and served as a B-26 Marauder pilot flying 72 missions out of England. During the Korean War he served as a pilot adjusting artillery fire and flying VIP's. Phil spent 30 years in the Army National Guard, flying fix winged aircraft and helicopters.

In between the two wars, Phil and his brother Don operated a flying business and managed Pearson Field.

He was a science teacher at Madison High School in Portland, Oregon for many years and during the summers flew for the Forest Service working full time with them after retiring from teaching.

Surviving relatives include three sons: Steve (Barbra Jo) of Port Townsend, WA, Don (Kath) of Carnation, WA, Joe (Lynn) of Camas, WA; nine grandchildren; and three great-grandchildren.

He was preceded in death in March by his wife, Jean, of 65 years.

We would like to thank his caregivers Diana, Nijole, Lydia and Community Home Health and Hospice for their friendship and professional care during his last months.

A memorial service will be held for Phil at the Pearson Air Museum on Saturday, January 15th at 3:00 p.m. where he will receive Military Honors.

In lieu of flowers, donations can be made to the American Diabetes Association in Phil's name by calling 1-800-342-2383.

Published in The Columbian on January 9, 2011.

BLAIR, Philip Gene (I119769)
229 "Propounded 7 September 1642 as 'Thomas Southwood' [PCR 2:45] and admitted 7 March 1642/3 as 'Thomas Southwood' [PCR 2:52] (and appended to Plymouth section of the 1639 list of freemen as a result [PCR 8:174]). In Plymouth section of 1658 Plymouth Colony list of freemen (as 'Lt. Tho[mas] Southworth') [PCR 8:197]."

Thomas Southworth held a number of offices: Commissioner of United Colonies; Assistant; Assistant at Kennebeck; Deputy for Plymouth to General Court; grand jury; jury; Committee to dispose of lands; coroner's jury in 1652 on the body of Robert Wille, alias Willis, and in the same year on the body of James Glasse; committee to examine the 'writing lately sent out of the Bay'; committee to set differences between the Indians, Yarmouth and Barnstable; committee to view lands; committee to treat with Plymouth raters; authorized to purchase land of the Indians; Plymouth selectman; constable; surveyor of highways; master of the watch; lieutenant; lieutenant of troops raised for the Dutch war; captain of the military company of Plymouth. He is listed in the Plymouth section of the 1643 list of Plymouth Colony men able to bear arms.

On 6 October 1636 land was granted to Mr. William Bradford 'for Constant & Thomas Southward, the land now in occupation of George Sowle' [PCR 1:45]. On 6 April 1640 'Constant Southwood and Thomas Southwood, his brother ... [were] granted fifty acres apiece of upland ... at the North River, with proportionable meadow ground' [PCR 1:144, 146]. On 28 October 1641 William Bradford deeded to 'my son-in-law Thomas Southworth' a dwelling house & garden with seven acres of upland and two acres of meadow [PCR 12:77]. On 17 October 1642 Thomas 'Southwood' was granted four acres at North Meadow by Joanes River [PCR 2:49]. On 19 April 1643 he was levied half a peck of corn for the keep of cows [PTR 1:13]. On 26 February 1648 'Constant Sowthworth of Duxbery and Thomas Sowthworth of Plymouth his brother' sold to Francis Godfrey of Duxbury, carpenter, one hundred acres of land at the North River [PCR 12:163]. On 22 February 1650[/1] Lieutenant Thomas Southworth was granted twelve acres of meadow at Winnituxett [PTR 1:206].

"On 3 June 1662 he was one of the 'sundry ancient freemen of the town of Taunton' allowed to look for land [PCR 4:20]. On 7 June 1665 'a competency of land' was granted to Mr. John Alden, Captain Thomas Southworth and Mr. Constant Southworth' at Manasskett [PCR 4:95].

"In his will, dated 18 November 1669 and proved 1 March 1669/70, 'Captain Thomas Southworth' bequeathed to 'my daughter Elizabeth Howland all my housing and lands both upland and meadow within the township of Plymouth'; to 'daughter Elizabeth and unto her husband Joseph Howland' 'all my other lands out of the township of Plymouth' to pay debts of the estate; 'my rapier and belt to my son-in-law Joseph Howland'; to Thomas Faunce 40s.; to Deborah Morton 40s.' to 'William Churchill' a sheep; 'that lot and half of land which is at the Eel River which was exchanged by Mr. William Bradford deceased with John Faunce for a lot at Jonses River I do yield up all my interest in the said lot & half of land to Thomas Faunce'; 'the rest of my estate I leave in the hands of my son Joseph Howland and my daughter his wife & my brother Constant Southworth to be disposed of as they shall see reason for the supply of my wife in her poor condition' [MD 18:185, ciding PCPR 3:1].

"The undated inventory of the estate of Thomas Southworth was untotalled; no real estate was included, and many debts against the estate were listed."

"On 20 June 1654 'Lieut. Thomas Southworth, now residing at Cushenage [Cushenoc on the Kennebeck],' was entrusted to be the assistant in that part of the jurisdiction of New Plymouth [PCR 3:58]. On 1 May 1660 he informed on his Quaker neighbors [PCR 3:185]. On 3 December 1660 Mr. Thomas Southworth told how Ephraim Hicks of Plymouth died a violent death 12 December 1649 and the night begfore his death he made a nuncupative will [PCR 3:202].

"On 3 June 1679 the court contracted with 'Mistress Elizabeth Southworth' to 'make provision for the magistrates' table in all respects as formerly, and for the use of bedding and household stuff improved thereabouts, for the full year following, vizt., for four courts, for and in consideration of L42 current silver money of New England, and at the expiration of the year, at the making up of her accounts in this behalf, if she doth not find herself a sufficient gainer, that then the court will consider thereof with some additional satisfaction according to equity and righteousness [PCR 6:14].

"This record would seem to apply to the widow of Thomas Southworth, as the provision for the courts would have taken place in Plymouth, and the widow of Constant Southworth, also Elizabeth, resided in Duxbury." 
SOUTHWORTH, Captain Thomas (I29195)
230 "Rebecca [Felton], and Joseph Houlton, int. March 6, 1730-31" Family F7174
231 "Rebeka the wife of Captain William Southworth ... departed this life Dec the 25th in the 43d year of her age. 1702" at Little Compton [NEHGR 115:264].  PABODIE, Rebecca (I29189)
232 "Richard Kemball," age 39, and "Ursula his wife," aged [blank], took the oath of allegiance at Ipswich for passage to New England on the Elizabeth, with six children in his care: "Henry Kemball," aged 15, "Richard Kemball," aged 11, "Mary Kemball," aged 9, "Martha Kemball," aged 5, "John Kemball," aged 3, and "Thomas Kemball," aged 1 [Hotten 280, 282].

His occupation was Wheelright, he was a member of the Watertown church, and a freeman 6 May 1635.

He received land grants in Watertown. Richard Kimball was granted a houselot in Ipswich 23 February 1636, and purchased more land there. In 1642/3, Henry Kimball, sold Watertown land of Richard Kimball, acting as the agent for his brother who had by then removed to Ipswich.

In his will, dated 5 March 1674/5 and proved 28 September 1675, "Richard Kimball Sr. of Ipswich" bequeathed to "my loving wife my will is she shall dwell in my house and have the improvement of my ground and meadow belonging thereto with the use [and] increase of my whole stock of cattle, one whole year after my [decease] and then at the year's end, the forty pound due to her according to contract at marriage to be paid her, and that household stuff she brought with her, and to have liberty to live in the parlor end of the house, the room we now lodge in, and liberty for her necessary use, or some part of [the] cellar, also the liberty of one cow in the pasture the executors to provide winter meat for the same, and to have a quarter part of the fruit of the orchard, and firewood as long as she lives there, and if she desire to remove to her own house then to be set in it, with what she have by my executors and to be allowed forty shillings yearly as long as she lives"; to "my eldest son Henry my will is to give him threescore and ten pounds"; to "my son Richard I give forty pounds"; to "my son John I give twenty pounds"; to "my son Thomas I give twenty-five pounds... and to his children I give seven pounds to be divided equally among them"; to "my son Benjamin besides the two oxen already received I give him the sum of twenty-five pounds..., also to his children I give five pounds equally to be divided"; to "my son Caleb I give that piece of land known by the name of Ting's lot and all my land at Wattell's neck with my marsh at the hundreds known by the name of Wiatt's marsh and all my working tools except two axes..., also I give fourteen pounds to his seven children equally to be divided"; to "my son-in-law John Severns I give ten pounds"; to "my daughter Elizabeth I give thirty pounds"; to "my daughter Mary I give ten pounds"; to "my daughter Sarah I give forty pounds... also to her children seven pounds ten shillings"; to "my daughter Sarah abovesaid I also give the bed I lie on with the furniture after one year's use of it by my wife"; to "my wife's children, viz: Thomas, Jerimiah, and Mary, to Thomas and Mary I give forty shillings apiece... and to Jerimiah I give fifteen pounds"; "I give also eight pounds to the two eldest daughters of Gyles Cowes (that he had by his first wife)"; to "my cousin Haniell Bosworth" L4; "my two sons abovesaid Richard and John Kimball" to be sole executors; "my cousin Haniell Bosworth" to be overseer [ILR 4:12-13, EPR 3:16-17].

On 4 March 1675/6, administration on "the estate of Margaret Kimball of Ipswich, late wife of Richard Kimball, was granted to... Daniell Dow and Thomas Dow, sons of said Margaret, who were ordered to bring in an inventory to the next Ipswich court" [EPR 3:46, EQC 6:119].

Richard Kimball was the brother of Henry Kimball {1634, Watertown} [GM 2:4:152]. Ursula (Scott) Kimball was sister of Thomas Scott {1634, Ipswich} [Phoebe Tilton Anc 117-20; EQC 2:113, 3:96].

In the passenger list of the Elizabeth of Ipswich on 30 April 1634, Elizabeth Kimball, aged 13, is included in the list of children dependent on Thurston Rayner {1634, Watertown} [Hotten 281]. The age is right for the daughter of that name of Richard Kimball, named in her father's will and in the 1623 will of her grandfather Henry Scott. She may well have been put out as a servant to the family of Thurston Rayner, which may in turn indicate that the two families were connected in some way prior to 1634.

The grants of twelve acres each in the Beaverbrook Plowlands (28 February 1636/7) and the Remote Meadows (26 June 1637) suggest a family of twelve in 1637. This is consistent with the arrangement of children listed above, whereby the family of twelve would consist of Richard Kimball, his wife and their first ten children.

The grant of a homestall to Richard Kimball upon his arrival in Watertown carried with it a full proprietary share, entitling him to a right in all future divisions of land. Had he remained in Watertown until 1642, he would have been granted a Farm. The sale of his land in the Beaverbrook Plowlands to John Stowers was recorded [SLR 1:55, WaBOP, 60, 143]. Examination of the various Watertown land inventories allows us to trace the fate of three other parcels: "ten acres of upland" to Ellis Barron (WaBOP 31,121]; Great Dividend to his son Henry Kimball [WaBOP 65, 146]; and "six acres of upland" [Lieu of Township grant] to Richard Beech [WaBOP 39, 126].

This analysis leaves the homestall and the Remote Meadow lot unaccounted for. With regard to the homestall, there are two possibilities: either the lot was returned to the town; or it was purchased by another proprietor and analgamated with another homestall. In either case, the propriety was effectively dismembered prior to 1642, and no Farm grant was associated with this homestall or proprietary share.

Walter Goodwin Davis wrote of the immigrant that "either he or his son Richard, of Wenham, was on Essex county trial juries in 1658 and 1667, and grand juries of 1661, 1664, 1668 and 1669" [Phoebe Tilton Anc 111]. The records for jury appointments from Wenham survive in the cases of the 1658 trial jury and 1661 grand jury service, showing that this was the son [EQC 2:71, 110, 319, 343], suggesting that the remaining service also pertained to the son.

In the early 1650's, Richard Kimball and Richard Shatswell engaged in a protracted feud, suing one another for trespass, debt and slander [EQC 1:260-1, 2:2, 6].

On 13 November 1662, "Richard Kimball, presented for his well being dangerous, was discharged, it being now mended" [EQC 3:4].

In 1897 Leonard Allison Morrison and Stephen Paschall Sharples published an account of the brothers Henry and Richard Kimball and their descendants [History of the Kimball Family in America, from 1634 to 1897, and of Its Ancestors the Kemballs or Kemboldes of England, With an Account of the Kembles of Boston, Massachusetts (Boston 1897), citing herein as Kimball Gen].

In 1947 Walter Goodwin Davis published a brief account of the life and family of Richard Kimball [Phoebe Tilton Anc 111-13]. 
KIMBALL, Richard (I35141)
233 "Richard Kimbole" and "Liddea Welles" Family F12140
234 "Richard Morgan Sen." and "Willi. Morgan" appear on "The names of them yt tooke ye oath of Allegance to his majestie & fidelitie to ye contrey, this 30th of November, 1677 [Exeter].  MORGAN, Richard (I1788)
235 "Richard Morgan Sen." and "Willi. Morgan" appear on "The names of them yt tooke ye oath of Allegance to his majestie & fidelitie to ye contrey, this 30th of November, 1677 [Exeter].  MORGAN, William (I1809)
236 "Robert, ___ __, 1756, a. 80 y." SALLOWS, Robert (I38182)
237 "Robie Ordway died of accidental gunshot...." ORDWAY, Frederick Robie (I5209)
238 "Ruth, and James Davis of Dover, Nov. 5, 1728" Family F3043
239 "Samuel Adams the son of Joseph Adams and Hanah his wife was born upon 28 of January 1694/3. [sic]" ADAMS, Samuel (I37165)
240 "Samuel Bass & Bethiah Nitingal Married by Sam. Sewall Esq. on Oct. 14, 1706." Family F10538
241 "Samuel Blanchard Ordway" says Thomas Ordway died between 28 February and 4 March, 1604 (proving of will, q.v.) (pg. 59). ORDWAY, Thomas (I4312)
242 "Samuel, and Mary Johnson [of Hampton], Dec 14, 1681" Family F2973
243 "Samuel, h. Martha, killed by Indians, Aug. 31, 1690" PARKER, Samuel (I4464)
244 "Samuell Basse" was admitted to the Roxbury church as member #78, in a group of 1633 immigrants [RChR 78]. He held offices of Braintree deputy to the General Court; commissioner to perform marriages and keep records at Braintree; and the committee on bridge over Naponset River (as "Deacon Basse").

Waldo Chamberlain Sprague commissioned research in the parish registers of Saffron Walden, Essex [NEHGR 107:218-20], but in this research the 1632 baptism of the daughter Hannah (or Ann) was missed. This conflicts with evidence about the daughter Mary, whose gravestone claims she died in 1704 in her seventy-third year [NEHGR 107:219], which would calculate to about 1632, and would make her about fifteen years old at marriage. Given our knowledge of the other children, the options are to place Mary's birth about 1634, and would make her impossibly young at marriage, or about 1628, which would make her about nineteen years old at marriage, but which would conflict with the gravestone evidence. We have chosen the latter course.

On 28 May 1659 in answer "to the petition of Samuel Basse, the town of Braintrje [sic] having petitioned for a new plantation, it is ordered, that the petitioner, with his sons, may have liberty to join with those of his neighbors which will carry on such a work, with allowance of one hundred & fifty acres, within the bounds of the said plantation, more than his just proportion with the rest of his neighbors [MBCR 4:1:377].

Mary, daughter of Samuel Bass, born at Braintree 26 April 1643 [NEHGR 3:126], has been ascribed to Samuel Junior (Charissa Taylor Bass and Emma Lee Walton, Descendants of Deacon Samuel & Ann Bass [Freeport IL 1940], p. 5), but this must be the youngest child of Samuel Senior, and the entry an error for Sarah. Samuel Junior would be only sixteen at the time of the birth of this child, and the record does not distinguish between Senior and Junior, indicating that Junior was not yet of age. Thus, the only child of Samuel Junior is his son Samuel, and from the probate proceedings we learn that this child was born shortly before the father's death.  
BASS, Deacon Samuel (I31850)
245 "Sarah [Jane] Learned, widow" died at Woburn on 24 January 1660[/1]; in March following the "inventory of the estate of the widow Jane Learned deceased in Malden" was taken, and administration was granted 2 April 1661 to Ralph Shepard [MPR Case #13856; William Law Learned, "The Learned Family ... Being Descendants of William Learned" ... (Albany 1882), pp. 8-10]. Jane (I32317)
246 "Sarah" intentions Family F12135
247 "Sarah, and William Page of Lunenburg, July 11, 1733" Family F13002
248 "Sarah, w. John [old age], Apr. 26, 1809 [a. 97 y.]" BRADLEY, Widow Sarah (I39754)
249 "Sarah, w. Serg't William, cancer in breast, Feb. 22, 1705-6, in her 52 y." LOVEJOY, Sarah (I4923)
250 "Sarah, wife Abel" Langley, was bur. Rowley 16 May 1666; six weeks later, on 30 June 1666, Thomas Makepeace made a bequest to "my son-in-law Abell Langly." Family F26339
251 "Sept. 16, Sam'l son of Sam'l & Mary Adams [this was the patriot Sam'l Adams]" ADAMS, Governor Samuel Jr. (I37186)
252 "She is likely the 'Widow Pratt lately died' at Charlestown in July 1689 [MD 4:136, citing Charlestown Town Orders 4:93]." PRIEST, Mary (I28914)
253 "Simon French and Abigail his wife both of Salisbury" sold to "our brothers Cutting Noyes & James Noyes in equal degrees all our right, title and interest in the estate of our late brother the Reverence Mr. Nicholas Noyes late of Salem... deceased" [ELR 33:221-22]. FRENCH, Simon (I43048)
254 "State of Michigan, County of St. Clair, this will certify that on Sunday the 9th day of February AD 1840 at the House of Edmund Carelton in the town of St. Clair of county aforesaid I did solemnize the marriage of Joseph C. Cox aged twenty four years & upwards to Mary B. Carelton aged twenty two years & upwards both of the township of St. Clair & county aforesaid & that Edmund Carleton of the township of St. Clair & Charles Kimball of the township of Ira in the county aforesaid were present & witnessed said marriage." Family F23388
255 "stillborn s. Samuel & Elizabeth" ADAMS (I37194)
256 "Successful Vermonters", William H. Jeffrey, E. Burke, Vermont, The Historical Publishing Company, 1904, page 127:

CAPT. George O. Ford, son of James and Annie (McKoy) Ford, was born in Lyndon in 1835. His father, James, was a native of Grafton, N. H.; his mother was born at Lunenburg, Vt. In 1864 Captain Ford was married to Sophronia E. Grout, daughter of Josiah and Sophronia (Ayer) Grout of Kirby.

In December, 1861, George O. Ford enlisted in Company K, Eighth Vermont regiment, for three years' service. He was in all the important engagements participated in by that organization. He was taken prisoner at Des Allemands, La., September, 1862; was wounded at the battle of Winchester, September 19, 1864, and again at the battle of Cedar Creek, Va., October 19, 1864. He enlisted as a private and came out of the service at the expiration of his term with an honorable discharge and having served as sergeant, second lieutenant, first lieutenant, and captain.

Captain Ford served several years on the board of selectmen, six years as road commissioner, and in 1888 he represented Kirby in the Vermont legislature. Since 1865 he resided on the Grout farm.

FORD, Capt. George Osman (I77014)
257 "Swinnerton" may not be her maiden name; she may be the "Mrs. Swinnerton" who received a grant of land at New Haven on 17 Mar 1640/1.  SWINNERTON, Joanna (I28851)
258 "The English origins of the Kempton brothers was published in 1992 by Dean C. Smith, including biographical details on both brothers before migration [TAG 67:132-135]. In particular, Manasseh Kempton had belonged to Separatist congregations in Colchester and in London and was closely affiliation with Henry Jacob [Burrage 1:319, 2:299]."

KEMPTON, Ephraim (I35875)
259 "The first marriage in this place, is of Mr. Edward Winslow to Mrs. Susanna White, widow of Mr. William White" [Prince 190]. Family F9843
260 "The History of Madison County,[Iowa] 1879"

Doak, William, Jefferson twp., farmer, Sec. 27; P.O. Winterset; born in Lehigh county, Pa., March 9, 1826; he was very young when his parents moved to Richland county, Ohio; his parents moved to Iroquois county, Illinois, when he was nine years of age; he married Miss Mary Uran July 8, 1847; the same fall they came to Warren county, Iowa, and were among the first settlers; he cast his first vote in Iowa in 1852; he went to California by land and drove live yoke of cattle and was five months on the road; he remained there until 1854, and then returned to Iowa; October 2, 1862, he enlisted in the Second Iowa Battery and was mustered out August 11, 1865; he was engaged in the battles of Jackson, Miss., Siege of Vicksburg, second battle of Jackson, Tupelo, Miss., and Nashville, Tenn.; he came to this county in 1857; owns 157 acres of land; has a family of two sons and one daughter: Sarah, now Mrs. William Butler, Andrew and Collie.

DOAK, William (I124747)
261 "The Mayflower Descendant," in presenting the marriages in Scituate records, gives the entry for the marriage of Thomas and Alice merely as "Thomas Roose was to Alise Hatch the." A footnote states "This entry was left incomplete. In a modern hand has been added 'December 1665' or 1666, the last figure being doubtful. Another hand has added 'wid. Jonas Pickles'" (MD 2:34). However, letters of administration were granted 3 Oct. 1665 to "Thomas Roas, of Scittuate, and his wife, to adminnester on the estate of Jonas Pickles, deceased," indicating the marriage took place before that date. At the same court Thomas Rose agreed that "if incase God give him any children, that when hee dieth hee will leave that estate which God gives him to bee equally devided amongst the children of Jonas Pickles and his in equall proportion; and incase hee die without any child of his owne before his wife, hee will leave his estate unto his wife to bee disposed of by her; and likewise hee doth engage on a considerable part of his estate to the children of the said Jonas Pickles as the Court shall thinke meet" (Plym. Col. Rec. 4:106).

The 1684 agreement of heirs and a document dated 24 Sept. 1703 prove that Thomas was the father of Jabez and Jeremiah Rose. "Jabesh Roase of Scituate in the County of New Plimouth in New england mariner" for L45 sold to Capt. James Babcock a tract of 100 acres "on the east side of Ashawag River" originally granted from Stonington and laid out to Mr. Thomas Stanton Sr. 7 Jan. 1664, and afterwards given to "Jabesh Roase & Jeremiah Roase by sd father Thomas Roase" as appears in Deed of gift, which lands were bought of Mr. Nehemiah Palmer of Stonington by the said "Thoams Roase." The land is described as "by the side of Neshuncaneesett alias Ashawag Brook or River... the west said of sd Ashawag River--to Pacatuck River." The deed was signed by Jabesh Roase and witnessed by Ezekell Bull and Joseph Pendleton. It was personally acknowledged and recorded 27 Sept. 1703 (Westerly RI Land Evidence 1:117).

Important "Articles of Agreement" dated 20 Oct. 1684 were signed in Plymouth between Thomas Rose and Nathan Pickles, both of Scituate, Pickles acting on behalf of himself and his brother Jonah Pickles of Scituate. Thomas Rose, being the "father in law" [step-father] of Nathan and Jonah, upon mutual consideration and "with the advice & councill of friends on both sides" gave to Nathan Pickles and Jonah Pickles the now dwelling house of Thomas Rose with thirty acres in estimation near the one half of a lot of land purchased by Thomas Hatch of Scituate, deceased, of Walter Hatch of Scituate and sold by Thomas Hatch to Thomas Rose. The agreement also included three acres of meadow lying by Black Pond which he purchased of John Bumpus and meadow land lying "up the North River" which he bought of William Curtice of Scituate. Thomas Rose further stated that he made the gift to Nathan and Jonah Pickles "upon the conditions following":

"first that the said Nathan & Jonah Pickles do freely acknowledge themselves therewith fully satisfied as their full and just due of whatsoever the said Thomas Rose their father in law did or doth possess of the estate of their own Father Jonah Pickles of Scituate deceased and do for themselves and their heirs freely acquit & discharge the said Thomas Rose and his heirs from any claim or challenge to the one half of the lands that their father Jonah Pickles had interest in Lyin near Providence purchased of the Indians as by the deed thereof may appear the which half was given to their mother and sold by the said Thomas Rose.

"2 That the said Nathan and Jonah Pickles do engage to pay to their two younger Brethren Jeremiah and Jabish Rose ten pound in money when they come of age to each the proportion their father shall appoint As also to pay ten pound in money more to the said Jeremiah and Jabish when they come of age for the marsh up the North River before mentioned if it be three acres but if but two acres and half then to pay but eight pounds and not till after the death of their father & mother

"3 that the said Nathan and Jonah Pickles shall enjoy the Seller [cellar] that they now work in from this time forward as their own forever and shall have liberty at all times to dwell in the aforementioned dwelling house as boarders for pay... and also to have liberty to build & plant on the said land... on the westwardly side of the swamp that the brooke Runneth through so as they interrupt not the said Thomas Rose in what he will improve." They were not to enjoy any other right or privilege in the "tenement" or land until after the death of Thomas Rose and his wife "their naturall mother." Thomas Rose consented to and agreed with Nathan Pickles on behalf of his two sisters Mercy and Lydia that Thomas Rose "do hereby covenant and Engage that at his death he will make the aforesaid Mercy Stetson and Lidia Pickles equall in all points with his own daughters in his estate." The Agreement was signed by the mark R of Thomas Rose and by Nathan Pickles, witnessed by William Hatch Sr. and Jeremiah Hatch Sr., sworn by the witnesses 27 Nov. 1690, and recorded 4 Feb. 1691/2 (Plym. Co. LR 1:140).

The foregoing land records and the Vital Records of Scituate correct some omissions and errors in the children of Thomas Rose. Savage and Deane omit the birth of two daughters of Thomas Rose, Patient and Hannah, added by Scituate VR. They assign a son Gideon to Thomas Rose by an alleged first marriage, but that is to be questioned since the two children listed as children of Gideon (Jabez and Jeremiah) are clearly, by the cited deeds, children of Thomas Rose Senior. Also, Thomas Rose (Junior) whom Savage says is from an unknown first wife is instead from his marriage to Alice as shown by date recorded in the Scituate VR which again questions the existence of a first wife. Furthermore, when Thomas Rose was granted letters of administration 3 Oct. 1665 on the estate of his wife Alice's previous husband Jonas Pickles, it was stated that "if incase God give him any children" he would divide his estate equally between them and the Pickles children, thus implying that he had no children at the time.  
ROSE, Thomas (I80001)
262 "The name is spelled McFerson, Ferson, and Farson and in other ways, and the history of the origin of the name is not without interest. The MacPhersons trace their ancestry to a warlike people in Germany called the Chatti, who after long and bravely resisting the Roman power were forced by the Emperor Tiberius Caesor to leave their native country, and embarking for Britain, were driven by adverse weather to the North of Scotland, where they landed at a place to which they gave the name of Chattiness. The time of their migration was about A.D. 76. They rapidly multiplied and overspread the North of Scotland. The line of their descent can be followed back as far as King Kenneth II, but begins with Gillcattan Mor, head or chief of Clan Chattan, who on account of his large stature and military genius had the epithet "Mor" assigned him. He lived in the reign of Malcoln Can Morie and left a son, Diarmid or Dormund, who succeeded his father as chief of Clan Chattan in the year 1090. His son, Gillicattan, second of the name to be chieftan of the clan, fluorished in the reign of King David I. He left two sons, Diarmid and Muriach. The former succeeded him and dying without issue was succeeded in 1153 by his brother, Muriach, who being a younger son had been bed to the church and was Parson of Kingousie then a large and honorable benefice. In 1173 he obtained a dispensation from the Pope and married a daughter of the Thane of Cawder by whom he had five sons: 1. Gillicattan, his heir; 2. Ewen or Eugene, called Ban from his fair complexion; 3. Neil Cromb or Roundshouldered, who had a rare mechanical genius and applied himself to the business of a smith and constructed several utensils of very curious workmanship. He is said to have taken his surname from his trade and to have been the progenitor of all the Smiths in Scotland; 4. Furquhard or the Swift, from whom the McGillirays of Inverness-shire descended; 5. David Dow or the Black, from his swarthy complexion, and from him the Davisons of Inverhaven are said to have descended.

"Muriach died in the reign of King William the Lion. His son Gillicattan, who lived in the year 1214, succeeded him as chief of the clan. Gillicattan died leaving a son, Dougal Daol, whose only child was a daughter, Eva, who married Angus MacIntosh, and hence the chieftainship developed upon Dougal's cousin, Kenneth, son of Ewan, who lived in the reign of Alexander II. It was about this time that surnames became heriditary, and Ewan took the name MacPherson, or son of the parson, which was transmitted to his descendants. The chieftainship of the clan is still continued in the line of Kenneth, the present chief being Col. Ewan Henry Davidson MacPherson of Cluny in Badenoch, province of Inverness, Scotland, who as colonel of the 93rd Highlanders, has won military distinctions. Kenneth is said to have had two brothers, John, the progenitor of the MacPhersons of Pitman, and Gillies, or Elias, who was the ancestor of the MacPhersons of Inneressie, and hence the family has been known as the 'posterity of the three brethren.'

"Paul MacPherson, who came to America, is believed to have been a descendant of the Pitman branch. Perhaps the most celebrated literary character of the posterity of the three brothers was James MacPherson, whose translation of Ossian's Poems gave him undying fame. The name MacPherson was retained entire until the year 1820, when the second generation of American born MacPhersons sacrificed the prefix to euphony and Scotch-American disrelish for what savored of the Irish. Indeed the sons of the emigrant MacPherson was given to spelling their name McFerson and the ultimate dropping of the 'Mc' followed very naturally. The original name has however been re-adopted by several of the not unimportant branches of the family. The MacPhersons formed one of the septs or divisions of Clan Chattan, whose hold was i n the northern counties of Scotland. The McIntoshes, McDuffees, McIlvaines, McKeens and other 'Mcs' were included in the same clan. Their crest was a mountain cat couchant, with the motto: 'Touch not the cat without gloves,' their war-cry, 'Creeg dhuth Chloine Chatain.'"

"The family emigrated to Ireland doubtless to escape religious persecution in the 17th century. In the early part of the century two million acres of land in the north of Ireland, in consequence of open and violent rebellion on the part of the Irish, came into the immediate possession of James the First, who firthwith by liberal grants induced many of his English and Scotch subjects to settle thereon hoping thereby to intimidate and more readily hold in subjection the turbulant inhabitants of that part of the island. The first colony of Scotch migrated from Argyleshire and settled in the province of Ulster about the year 1612, but many of the Scotch settlers in Ireland did not leave Scotland until a much later date, at least in the latter half of the century in the reign of James the Second, when the cruel James Graham of Claverhouse, seconding the bigotry of his monarch, brought terror and distress and slaughter among the sturdy Covenanters many of whom escaped to Ireland, where the evicted and Catholic Irish rendered their condition hardly more tolerable than it had been in their own land under the rule and sword of Claverhouse, hence many of these sorely pressed Scotchmen sought to better their circumstances by emigrating to America.

"It was not however until 1718, when actual bloodshed had ceased, that the exodus from their adopted land became general. The migration seems to have continued during the remainder of the first half of the century. In the year 1732 Paul MacPherson, leaving the Parish of Dumbo, County of Derry, Ireland, sailed for America and landed at Boston, bringing with him his son William. The remainder of the family reached Portsmouth in the following year.

"It is quite probable that he spent the first winter with friends in Andover, Mass. after which he settled on a farm in Chester. His name appears upon a petition to the General Court against paying taxes to support any other ministry than that of the Presbyterian denomination. The names of his sons, William, James and Samuel, are also upon the petition, which bears date 1736. No mention is made in any of the early records of the wife of Paul, hence we infer that she was not living at this time, but both record and tradition indicate that a near relative of Paul came with him to America. One of the name settled in Goffstown quite early. His family were John, who settled in Bedford, married Nancy McDole and had eight children; William, who remained in Goffstown; James, who settled in Dunbarton; Molly, who returned to Ireland; Peggy, who married a Morrison and settled in Henniker, where his descendants now live; Jennie, who died during the voyage and was buried at sea. This MacPherson was doubtless a brother of Paul. There was a Thomas MacPherson of Dover, who in 1744 was a volunteer in the French and Indian war, and Frederick MacPherson of Chester was also a volunteer in 1743, but of these we know nothing further."

MACPHERSON, Paul (I34434)
263 "The New England Ancestry of Dana Converse Backus": Elizabeth Haynes, youngest child of Jonathan and Sarah (Moulton) Haynes, was born in Haverhill, Mass. March 22, 1696/7, and was less than a year old when her father was killed. She married in Plainfield, Conn. February 2, 1712/13, Isaac Spalding (born in Chelmsford, Mass. September 27, 1693, son of Edward and Mary (Brackett) Spalding). (See Spalding). HAYNES, Elizabeth (I4059)
264 "The New England Ancestry of Dana Converse Backus": Richard Ingersoll with his wife (who was Ann Langley, married at Sands, England October 20, 1616) and family came to New England in the immigration of 1629. A long letter of information and instructions dated at London May 28, 1629 and finished at Gravesend the 3rd of June 1629, was sent from the Governor and Deputy of the New England Company for a Plantation in Massachusetts Bay to the Governor [John Endecott] and Council for London's Plantation in the Massachusetts Bay in New England. One item referred to Richard Haward and Richard Inkersall, both Bedfordshire men, trusting they would be well accommodated and not doubting they would well and orderly demean themselves.

In Salem, Richard Ingersoll lived for the next fifteen years, dying late in 1644. His will was dated the 21st of July that year and probated January 2, 1644/5. In it he named his wife Ann, sons George, John and Nathaniel, sons-in-law Richard Pettingell and William Haines, daughters Bathsheba and Alice Wolcott. One item of the will read: "I give to Nathaniel Ingersoll, my youngest son, a parcell of ground ... but if the said Nathaniel dy without issue of his body lawfully begotten then the land aforesaid to be equally divided between John Ingersoll my son and Richard Pettingell and William Haines my sons-in-law."

Nathaniel, born in Salem about 1632, and only a boy at the time of his father's death, lived to be over eighty and perhaps unknowingly erred in bequeathing this parcell of ground to the church. No child or grandchild survived him. It was nearly ninety years after the date of Richard Ingersoll's will that the title to the land was cleared and the names of a number of his great-grandchildren appear in Essex County land records.

Richard's widow married John Knight of Newbury and her daughter Bathsheba married his son, John Knight, Junior. Ann (Ingersoll) Knight died July 30, 1677.

Sarah Ingersoll, born in England, daughter of Richard and Ann (Langley) Ingersoll, married about 1643 or 1644, William Haines of Salem. (See Haynes). 
INGERSOLL, Richard (I10476)
265 "The New England Ancestry of Dana Converse Backus": William Haynes of Salem, Mass. married there about 1643 Sarah Ingersoll (born in England, daughter of Richard and Ann (Langley) Ingersoll). Their children were William, Jonathan, Sarah and Thomas. The last entry concerning the father is in an Essex County deed on file in Salem. William and Richard Haynes (surmised to have been brothers) sold their two-thirds part of the farm which was lately Mr. Bishop's, about one hundred and fourscore acres, to John Porter, 14th day of the 9th month (Nov.) 1649. William's widow married Joseph Houlton November 13, 1651. HAYNES, William (I4078)
266 "The Russ Family" By Dorothy Taylor on page 53. James Russ son of Thomas Russ, Thomas Russ, John Russ, Jr. and John Russ, was born in 1738 in Bradford, Massachusetts. The name of his wife is not known. He paid taxes in Derryfield in 1769 and is believed to have been a Revolutionary Soldier. His name is on the return list of men of the 17th militia in New Hampshire from Chester. RUSS, James (I4761)
267 "The Savages of the Ards" pg. 108:

"William Savage, Esq., living in 1600, 5th son of Sir John Savage, of Rock Savage, Knt. and 1st Baronet, and brother of Sir Thomas Savage, 1st Viscount Savage, of Rock Savage, is presumed to have settled at Taunton, in Somersetshire, and to have been the father of:

I. Thomas, of whom presently as founder of the Savages of Massachusetts.
II. A son, afterwards Dean of Carlisle.
III. A son, name unknown, who 'lived 50 miles from London.'

"The first-named son, Thomas Savage, born in 1608, went out to America with Sir Harry Vane in the Planter in 1635 (then aged 27), and was amongst those who helped to establish the Colonies of Massachusetts and Rhode Island. The 1st Thomas Savage, writes Farmer, came to Boston, N.E., in 1635. He was admitted freeman in 1636; Member of Artillery Co. in 1637, and its Captain in 1651. He represented Boston in 1654 and during the eight succeeding years, Hingham in 1663, Andover in 1671. He was Major, and at one time was Commander-in-Chief of the Forces, in the early part of King Phillip's war, in 1675. He was elected Assistant in 1680 and 1681. Drake, in his 'History of Antiquities of Boston, Mass.', tells us--'The 1st Thomas Savage came from London with Sir Harry Vane in 1635, aged 27 years. Was admitted Member of the Church, January, 1637. Married, in 1637, Faith, 'daughter of William and Ann Hutchinson' and, for siding with his wife's mother (Ann Hutchinson), was dismissed, and driven to unit with Gov. Coddington and others in the purchase of Rhode Island, where he remained for a short time, afterwards returning to Boston.' Major Thomas Savage married 1st (as we have seen), in 1637, Faith Hutchinson, and by her (who died Feb. 20, 1652) had issue with other children,

:I. Habijah, of whom presently as successor to his father in the representation of the Massachusetts Branch of the Savages.
II. Thomas, of whom and of whose line we shall treat separately below.

"Major Savage married, 2ndly, Mary, daughter of ___ Simms, and by her had issue,

"I. Ephraim, who, with his brother Benjamin, settled in South Carolina.
II. Perez, who died in slavery among the Turks.
III. Ebenezer, of whom nothing is known.
IV. Benjamin, who settled with his brother Ephraim in South Carolina.
I. Hannah, married to Benj. Gillam.
II. Dyonesia, married to Saml. Ravenscroft, of Virginia.
III. Sarah, married to John Higginson, of Salem, Mass.
IV. Mary, married to Mr. Thatcher.

"Major Savage died Feb., 1682, aged 75 years, and was buried at Boston, where a tombstone, with the arms of Savage of Rock Savage, was erected over his grave. He was succeeded in the representation of the Massachusetts branch of the Savage family by his eldest son,

"Habijah Savage, who married Harriet, daughter of Major Lyng, by whom he had issue an eldest son and successor,

"Thomas Savage, who married Mehitath Harwood, and by her had issue an eldest son and successor,

"Thomas Savage, who married Elizabeth Fowle, and by her had issue an eldest son and successor,

"John Savage, who married Ann Allen (nee Scott), and by her had issue an only son and successor,

"Benjamin Savage, who married Elizabeth Dunn, and by her had issue a son,

"John Savage, who was living in 1864."

SAVAGE, Maj. Thomas (I34683)
268 "The Seattle Daily Times" [Seattle, King Co., WA], Monday, 3 Dec 1958, p. 64:


Rosary for Bernard E. Cooley, 66, an Alderwood Manor chicken rancher, will be said at 8 o'clock tonight in the Teck chapel, Edmonds.

Requiem Mass will be said at 9 o'clock tomorrow in St. Pius X. Church, Mountlake Terrace. Burial will be in Holyrood.

Mr. Cooley was born in Temple Hill, Iowa. He came to Seattle in 1941 from Butte, Mont., and moved to Alderwood Manor 11 years ago. In the Second World War he was a boilermaker at the Todd Shipyards Corp.

Mr. Cooley was a member of the Holy Name Society and Local 104, Boilermakers' Union.

Surviving are his wife, Pearl; a brother, George Cooley, Storm Lake, Iowa; three sisters, Mrs. Mary Parke, Long Beach, Calif., Mrs. George Kock, Sioux City, Iowa, and Mrs. Walter Bienlien, Holstein, Iowa.

COOLEY, Bernard Eli (I82438)
269 "The testimony of Richard Risley Sr. Hartford May ye 20th 1726 These may certitie whome It may Concern yt I Richard Risley of Hartford Do of my Certain Knowledge Know yt my father John Addams formerly of Hartford Deceased, had seven Children viz: 4 sons & three daughters: one son Died without Issue; I married one of ye Daughters & Edward Higbee married another; John Brush married ye other; ye sisters are all Deceased but they have Left Children as I herd by Jeremiah Adoms, viz. two higbee & 2: Brushes which ware well ye Last I herd from them: ye above written I am Ready to testifie to If Cald, witness my hand. Richard Risle

"Given under oath, the Adams party being notified to be present, before me Ozias Pitkin hus't a peace Opened in Gen'l Court May 21st 1726. Test Hez: Wyllys, Secretary"

The John Adams referred to was son of Jeremy Adams, one of the original proprietors of Hartford: for him and his descendants, see Register, vol. 59, pp. 315-320. The Richard Risley who deposes that he married one of the daughters of John Adams was a son of Richard Risley, another of the original proprietors of Hartford. From other documents we learn that Richard Risley married the daughter Rebecca, Edward Higbee of Huntington, L.I., the daughter Abigail, and John Brush of Huntington, L.I., the daughter Sarah. Up to this time even the name of the wife of Richard Risley had been unknown, as witness the Risley Genealogy, p. 42.

Both Jeremy Adams and his son John had grants of land at what became Colchester, from the General Court of Connecticut, and the document given above was offered in evidence by the Adams heirs in a dispute over title with the town of Colchester.

Written by Arthur Adams, Hartford, Connecticut.

ADAMS, John (I36956)
270 "They Die in Youth And Their Life is Among the Unclean"
The Life and Death of Elizabeth Emerson

By Peg Goggin Kearney
May 6, 1994
University of Southern Maine

On June 8, 1693 The Reverend Cotton Mather delivered a sermon before a large crowd in Boston. Mather exhorted the crowd, delivering what he unabashedly referred to as one of his greatest sermons ever. 1 In the crowd sat Elizabeth Emerson, singlewoman of Haverhill. Whether she sat penintently looking downwards or definantly staring into Mather's eyes we can only imagine. That the sermon was delivered for her benefit is undoubted. The lecture was based upon Job 36:14, "They die in youth and their life is among the unclean." 2

The life of Elizabeth Emerson would have been wholly unremarkable were it not for three related events: The first was a severe beating she suffered at the hands of her father when she was a child; the second, the birth of her illegitimate daughter Dorothy; and the third event, the reason for her presence in the meeting hall that June day three hundred years ago, her death by hanging for the crime of infanticide. 3

Elizabeth had been born in the town of Haverhill in what was then the Massachusetts Bay Colony on January 26, 1664/65. She was the sixth of fifteen children of Michael and Hannah Webster Emerson, and one of only nine to survive infancy. Of her siblings who did not survive infancy only one died before she was born, the remainder were born and died during her lifetime.4 The tragedy of frequent death in the Emerson household may have predisposed Elizabeth to the crime for which she ultimately hanged. Death of children was assuredly a part of life in early New England, and attitudes toward infants would strike many twentieth century readers as callous. But a certain distancing or lack of affection may well have allowed women, such as Elizabeth's mother, to bear the burden of the frequent death of their offspring.5 In fact, colonists frequently referred to their infants and toddlers as "it" rather than he or she.
Michael and Hannah Emerson were among the early settlers of Haverhill, though not founding members of the town. He was variously employed as a contable, a Grand Juryman, a cordwainer, a sealer of leather, and a tax collector.6Despite the impressive sound of this list, they were positions which those of greater estate would endeavor to avoid. Michael Emerson's life, too, would have been wholly unremarkable were it not for the fame of one daughter and the infamy of another.

In 1666, when Elizabeth was but a year old, Michael Emerson chose to move his family closer to town. He decided to settle on Mill Street which was then in the heart of Haverhill. One of his new neighbors, a Mr. White, evidently disliked either Michael, his family, or perhaps both. It was decided by the town that if the Emersons would "go back to the woods," they would grant him an additional tract of land. Michael seeminly obliged the town and moved two miles from the center, which at the time would indeed have been in "the woods."7 This incident seems innocuous enough and is certainly a unique and expedient way of resolving a neighborly difficulty in an area rich in land. One wonders, though, what it was about the family that so angered Mr. White. Undoubtedly, removal that far from town was not only inconvenient but dangerous. The reason for the removal, unfortunately, is not described by the record, but it certainly must have been compelling.

Michael's first child, Hannah Emerson Dustin, was born on December 23, 1657. She was destined to become famous in the annals of New England history as the only female Indian captive ever to have slain her captors and escaped, not only with her scalp but with theirs as well.8 Hannah slew her captors with the help of Mary Neff, another captive, and a young boy, Samuel Lennardson. Upon her escape from her captors she realized she had forgotten to take trophies of her exploit. She returned to the scene and took scalps from the ten dead Indians; six children, two women and two men. She and her little party managed to find their way down the Merrimac River, from near present day Concord, New Hampshire, to their home in Haverhill. She became a heroine to white New Englanders frustrated with the long Indian wars.9

Violence was inescabable in the lives of early New Englanders. Certain types of violence were unacceptable to community standards, whereas other types were not only accepted but also condoned. Among the types of condoned violence were not only violence toward Indians, but also corporal punishment of children, servants and in some cases wives.10 Children were often singled out as victims of violence. The poetess Anne Bradstreet once wrote "some children (like sowre land) are of so tough and morose a dispo[si]tion, that the plough of correction must make long furrows upon their back."11 Surely if so gentle a personage as Anne Bradstreet advocated corporal punishment in the raising of children, then it must have been both widespread and condoned. This very approval on a community-wide basis serves as a counterpoint to the case that was brought before the Quarterly Court of Essex County Massachusetts in May of 1676.

Michael Emerson was brought to court that May day "for cruel and excessive beating of his daughter with a flail swingle and for kicking her, was fined and bound to good behavior."12 The daughter in question was Elizabeth.13 In November of the same year the back due portion of his fine was abated because of Emerson's status as a grand juryman, and he was freed from his bond for good behavior.14 Corporal punishment in and of itself was not considered a crime, but the excessive beating of a child did deserve punishment. Although Michael's status as a grand juryman did help to get his fine abated and perhaps influenced his release from the bond for good behavior, it did not prevent his fellow grand jurymen from censuring him for the cruelty of his act. What Elizabeth did to deserve such a beating is unknown. Also, whether this beating was an isolated incident or a pattern of violence in the family can only be guessed, but a court case involving another family member may shed further light.

The case involved Elizabeth's younger brother Samuel who was apprenticed to a John Simmons. Simmons was brought to court by another of his servants, Thomas Bettis, in March of 1681. Bettis claimed in his deposition that his "master haith this mani yeares beaten me upon small and frivelouse ocasion." Bettis claimed that Simmons had "brocke my hed twice, strucke me on the hed with a great stick...tied me to a beds foott [and] a table foott" and a long list of other injuries and insults suffered at his master's hand. He begged the court to be allowed to leave his master. A number of community members deposed that Bettis had, indeed, been beaten excessively and had not been clothed properly. But Samuel Emerson took his masters side in the suit saying, "that he had lived with his master Simmons about four years and Bettis was very rude in the family whenever the master was away, etc."15

Perhaps Samuel's deposition was a form of self defence. After all, he still had to live with Simmons after the suit was over. But maybe Samuel really did think that Bettis deserved the beatings and that they were not excessive given the situation. If the latter is true, it could indicate that this type of violence was by no means foreign to Samuel Emerson's upbringing. In any event, Bettis was told to return to his master's house, and there the record ends.
On April 10, 1686 Elizabeth Emerson gave birth to her first child, an illegitimate daugher named Dorothy. There is some controversy surrounding the father of her first child. Charles Henry Pope in his book The Haverhill Emersonsstated unequivocally that the father of little Dorothy was Samuel Ladd of Haverhill. This is the same Samuel Ladd who would later be named as the father of the dead twins. Pope, in what can only be viewed as a noble attempt to salvage the reputation of his ancestress, writes that "whatever else Elizabeth might have been, she was certainly not promiscuous."16 But the Records And Files Of The Ipswitch Quarterly Court reflect something quite different.

Michael Emerson accused a neighbor, Timothy Swan, of being the father of Elizabeth's daughter Dorothy.17 Timothy Swan's father, Robert Swan, Sr., vehemently denied the charge. Robert Swan went on record as saying that it was unlikely that Timothy was the father as he "...had charged him not to go into that wicked house and his son had obeyed and furthermore his son could not abide the jade."18

The phrase "that wicked house" rings down through the centuries. Why was Michael Emerson's house referred to as "wicked" and why was Timothy forbidden to enter the house? Not that Timothy Swan would have necessarily have had to enter the house in order to be the father of Dorothy. It is possible and even likely that Elizabeth contrived to get pregnant elsewhere. But why the phrase "wicked house"?

Presumably Robert Swan and Michael Emerson were well acquainted with one another. Robert Swan had even sold Michael and his brother Robert Emerson "twenty or thirty acres of land."19 They had also voted on the same side in a dispute about moving the meeting house to a different location. The breakdown of the meeting house case is rather interesting as Nathaniel Saltonstall, a very wealthy and respected member of the Haverhill community as well as a member of the Court of Assists, and Robert Emerson, brother to Michael but much wealthier and a member of the church in question,20 both came down on the opposite side of the argument, favoring building the new meetinghouse on the site of the old one.21 This would indicate that the proposed location of the new meetinghouse was more convenient to both Michael Emerson's and ?Robert Swan's households, i.e. they must have been "neighbors."
Neighbors or otherwise, Robert Swan threatened to "carry the case to Boston" if his son Timothy was formally accused of being Dorothy Emerson's father.22 Nothing ever came of the charges against Timothy and little Dorothy came into the world fatherless.

Elizabeth was 23 years old at the time of Dorothy's birth. She still resided at her father's house. Three years previous to Dorothy's birth Elizabeth had witnessed her sister Mary's successful marriage to Hugh Matthews of Newbury on August 28, 1683. Hugh and Mary were both sentenced by the Essex County Court in September of 1683 to be "fined or severly whipped" for the crime of fornication before marriage.23 No offspring of this alleged fornication is mentioned in the records but that they did the deed and subsequently had a successful marriage could not have gone unnoticed by Elizabeth. Perhaps Elizabeth expected the same thing to happen to her upon getting pregnant. And why not? The colonial court records are literally strewn with cases involving fornication before marriage where the parties did, indeed, get married and became respectable members of the community. As we know, for Elizabeth, this would not be her fate.

Elizabeth next appeared in the court records in May of 1691, five years after the birth of Dorothy, when she was arrested and charged with the murder of two bastard infants. On May 7, 1691 Elizabeth gave birth to twins sometime during the night in a trundle bed at the foot of her parents bed. She managed to somehow hide the birth from her parents, conceal the infants for three days in a trunk, sew them up in a bag and bury them in the backyard of the Emerson house.24

The Sunday following the birth, while her parents were at church, some concerned citizens of Haverhill who suspected that Elizabeth was pregnant went to the Emerson house to find her. When they arrived at the Emerson home they inquired after Elizabeth's health which she descibed to them as "not well." She was read a warrant and told that the women who were present were appointed to examine her.25 Elizabeth submitted to this examination without protest. Meanwhile, the men went into the backyard and found the bodies of the two infants sewn up in a bag and buried in a shallow grave.

The discovery of the bodies led to statements being taken by Nathaniel Saltonstall. The depositions of the parties involved were similar. They suspected Elizabeth of being with child and therefore sought her out that Sunday morning with the intent of making inquiry. Elizabeth denied any wrongdoing, stating that she "never murdered any child in my life." She also said "I never committed a murther that I know of...." But the evidence against her in the form of the infant bodies and the physical examination by the women present, where they discovered Elizabeth to be post partum, was overwhelming.

The following day, May 11th, Elizabeth, Michael and Hannah Emerson were all questioned and a transcript of that exchange is still extant. Elizabeth was asked her husband's name to which she replied, "I have never [had] one." She confessed that she did give birth to twins. When asked where they were born she replied, "On the bed at my father's beds feet...." She stated that she did not call for help during her travail because, "there was nobody near but my Father and Mother and I was afraid to call my mother for fear of killing her." When asked if she told her father or mother afterwards, she replied, "No, not a word; I was afraid." Elizabeth was then questioned as to whether either of her parents knew of her pregnancy to which she replied that they did not know of the pregnancy, birth or burial of them.

How could Elizabeth have given birth to twins in the same room her parents were sleeping and kept it a secret from them? The record indicates that her mother did suspect Elizabeth of being pregnant but was told "no" every time she inquired of Elizabeth. Elizabeth's fear of "killing" her mother denotes a certain amount of love and respect, but what of her statement, "No, not a word; I was afraid"? Elizabeth had, after all, been in this position before. She already had one illegitimate child which her father had unsuccessfully tried to pin on Timothy Swan. Could it be that the treatment she had received from ther father after the incident with Robert Swan, Sr. made her loathe to reveal to him her latest indiscretion? After all, Michael was known to have beaten her severely at least once; perhaps she was afraid of similar treatment if the truth was made known to him. Whatever her reason, it must have been compelling for her to have given birth to twins in complete silence while her parents slept mere inches away.

Michael was also questioned on May 11th regarding his daughter's crime. According to the transcript, he did not even suspect that Elizabeth was with child, nor did he know of the birth or burial of them. When asked if he knew who the father was, he stated for the first time on the record, that the father of the children was Samuel Ladd.

Samuel Ladd was a resident of Haverhill. He was considerably older than Elizabeth, for he was married to his wife on December 1, 1674 when Elizabeth was 9 years old. At the time of the twins birth Pope gives his age as 42 and Elizabeth's as 28. Although Samuel Ladd was named as the father of the children a number of times in the court records, he was even said to be the one person who knew of Elizabeth's pregnancy, he was never questioned about the matter.
Samuel Ladd's father, Daniel Ladd was on the list of the first settlers of Haverhill in 1640.26 As a first settler he would have received a considerable estate from the normal course of land distribution. Samuel was referred to as Lieutenant Ladd,27 a high rank in the Colonial militia, and he was paid more than twice the amount of any of the other soldiers who formed the militia company during King Philips War.28 Thus Samuel Ladd was not only the son of a wealthy founder of the community but an important member of it in his own right. As to the character of Samuel Ladd, a court case in which he was involved may be instructive.

On June 9, 1677 Samuel Ladd "was fined for misdemeanors." "Frances Thurla, aged about forty-five years, and Ane Thurla, his wife, testified that in the evening after Mr. Longfelow's vessel was launched, about nine or ten o'clock, and after he and his family were in bed, having shut the door and bolted it, Sameull Lad of Haverhill and Thomas Thurla's man, Edward Baghott, came to their house. One or both of them went into the leanto where their daughter Sarah lay, and having awakened her urged her to rise and go to her aunt's, telling her that she was very sick. Whereupon deponent arose and seeing one at the door reproved him for being there, and mistrusting that there was one with his daughter, as he went to light a candle, Samuell Lad leaped out of the house. Sworn in court."29

For this Samuel Ladd was found guilty of a misdemeanor. What was he doing at Frances Thurla's house after all had retired to bed? Why had he tried to get Sarah to leave the house and go to her aunt's? And if her aunt were, in fact, sick, why did he not tell Sarah's parents, as the aunt presumably would have been sister to one of them? Was Samuel Ladd bent upon the seduction of young Sarah Thurla? At the time of the incident Samuel had been married for three years.

This was the man accused of being the father of the dead twins. Why he was never questioned regarding his involvement is unknown. Perhaps it was his relative standing in the community that saved him. He was, after all, the son of a founder and somewhat wealthy himself based upon his position in the community. The Emersons were undoubtedly much poorer. And certainly, the fact that Elizabeth already had one bastard child made her testimony as to the patrimony of the twins suspect.

Samuel Ladd did eventually reap some kind of poetic justice for his part in Elizabeth's demise. On February 22, 1697/98 he was killed during an Indian raid.30 He left a wife and five (legitimate) children.

Elizabeth's mother Hannah was the next to be questioned regarding her daughter's crime. She stated for the record that she suspected her daughter was pregnant but as she was big, she could not tell and Elizabeth would not confess to it. She was then accused of being the one to sew them up in a bag but again she denied any knowledge of it. She too named Samuel Ladd as the father of the children.

The women who were sent to the house to examine Elizabeth also gave testimony at the same time as the Emersons. They testified that one of the children had its navel string twisted about its neck. There was apparently no sign of violence to either of the children but in their opinion one or both of them died "for want or caer att the time of travell."31

With these statements went another intriguing document. In it, Elizabeth confessed that Samuel Ladd was the father of the children and that the "place of his begetting...was at Rob't Clements inn house."32 Elizabeth also states for the record that Samuel is the only man with whom she had slept, indicating by this that he was not only the father of the dead twins but the father of Dorothy as well, contrary to her father's assertion that Timothy Swan was the father of Dorothy.

There is no record of Robert Clements running an inn or tavern, though he is listed as one of the founders of the town.33 It is entirely possible that he was running an unlicensed ordinary as this was not an uncommon practice at the time. Evidently Samuel Ladd and Robert Clements were well acquainted with one another as they were close neighbors. Nathaniel Saltonstall was later to write of the perfidy of tavern houses 34 and could well have been thinking of this case when he wrote it.

Elizabeth was remanded to the custody of the Boston prison on May 13, 1691, accompanied by a letter from Nathaniel Saltonstall. In this letter he writes that he had Elizabeth before him on May 11th and 13th..."upon examination for whore-dom." He then reiterated the facts of the case as they were known and commanded the prison keeper to safely keep her in prison until she "shal be thence delivered by due order of Law."35

Elizabeth was kept in prison until September 1691 when she was sentenced to hang for her crime. Previous to this case it was a crime in England to conceal the death of a bastard child. This law, though repealed in England by the time of the Emerson case, was still on the books in the Massachusetts Bay.36 Therefore, while it was never sufficiently proven that she intentionally killed her children, such proof was unnecessary as their very concealment was considered to be a crime. She did maintain her innocence of the charge throughout the proceedings but that was of little consequence, even though by 1691 convictions on the charge of concealment of the death of a bastard were waning. Nathaniel Saltonstall's comment that she had been examined for "whore-dom" was, perhaps, more to the point. It could be that the good people of Haverhill had tired of the antics of Elizabeth and had determined that being a whore, she could just as easily be a murderess. The society at large may have wanted to point to her as a warning to their own children. At the time, fewer and fewer of the children of the first settlers were owning the covenant and that was certainly a cause for great concern among the "saints."

Although convicted in September 1691 Elizabeth was not hanged until June 8, 1693. In the interim she came under the care and guidance of the Reverend Cotton Mather. How he found time to minister to Elizabeth while at the same time actively pursuing the Salem Witch Trials is unknown. Perhaps it was purely convenience, as Elizabeth was incarcerated in Boston, presumably with the unfortunate victims of the witchcraft hysteria. He did, however, get her to do something which nobody else could, to "confess." During his sermon on Job 36:14 he read to the congregation what he claimed was a confession given him by Elizabeth. He writes that she confessed that "when they were born, I was not unsensible, that at least, One of them was alive; but such a Wretch was I, as to use a Murderous Carriage towards them, in the place where I lay, on purpose to dispatch them out of the World." What did she mean by "murderous carriage?" Did she lay upon them or did she merely neglected them? Or were they, as per her initial assertion, truly stillborn?

According to Mather, she claimed that she should have listened to her parents, that she was "always of an Haughty and Stubborn Spirit." and that "Bad Company" was what led to her downfall. Although her confession is very moving and seemingly sincere, Cotton Mather was not moved. He claimed that she "has more to confess, I fear..." and held little hope for her salvation. According to Mather "there never was Prisoner more Hard-Hearted, and more Unfruitful than you have been..."37

It is a little puzzling that Mather was so disappointed with his prisoner. She did, after all, confess her crime and exhort the rising generation not to follow in her footsteps. Perhaps she did not confess readily enough to suit him. She was in prison for a little over two years and under those circumstances would surely have been broken into a confession at the hands of a less expert confessor than Mather. She may have continued to protest her innocence until very near the end, disappointing Mather who would have wanted to use her for his own ends.
Elizabeth was executed in Boston on that June day in 1693 and there her story ends. Dorothy, her daughter, also diseappeared from the record, and one can't help but wonder at her fate. Michael, in his last will dated 1709, left distributions of a few shillings to at least some of his grandchildren, but Dorothy was noticeably absent.38

Elizabeth may be seen in a number of different ways, as either victim or murderer, as evil or misguided. Her concealment of the birth seems unintellibible to many but in the context of a 17th century Puritan home it may be understandable, particularly in light of Michael Emerson's known temper. That Samuel Ladd certianly bore responsiblity is undeniable. That he was not even questioned can only be seen as a result of his class and standing in the community. Was she coerced into sexual relations, and when the result was made known to him did he exhort her to silence? Perhaps, but by her own admission she had slept with Ladd many times. If he was the father of Dorothy as well as the twins they must have had a relationship lasting over five years. Such a relationship would not be seen as adulterous, as adultery was defined by the marital status of the woman.

But what of Michael Emerson's charge in court that Timothy Swan was Dorothy's father? The Swans and the Emersons were from the same social strata of Haverhill society. It may have been easier to try to claim paternity of his grandchild was the responsibility of an unmarried young neighbor than that of a high ranking, older married man. Perhaps Elizabeth herself, weighing the options, chose to lie to her father regarding Dorothy's paternity, hoping that Timothy would marry her or seeking to protect Samuel from scandal. Eventually the truth must have come out as both of Elizabeth's parents name Samuel Ladd without hesitation as the father of the twins. One thinks they may have known of their relationship prior to the discovery of the dead girls.

If Elizabeth had lived in the 20th century her life would have been very different. Rarely is the charge of whore-dom meted out today. In today's society it would be her sister, Hannah Dustin, seen as the murderess, and Elizabeth as only an unfortunate girl, a victim of circumstance. But in the context of the 17th century Elizabeth was seen as the result of a moral degeneration that was very real and very frightening to Puritans of the first generation. A vast falling away from godliness in New England, not to be rectified until the next century's Great Awakening. With nowhere to turn in her society, she sought to hide her pregnancy as long as possible, and when the twins were either born dead or died shortly thereafter, she took what steps she thought necessary to conceal her sin from her parents and from the community. How many others who did likewise were not caught?

1. Charles Henry Pope, The Haverhill Emersons (Boston: Murray and Emery, 1913-1916, p. 27.
2. Cotton Mather, "Warnings From the Dead", Boston 1693 (Early American Works #665), pp. 35-67.
3. She was convicted of murdering twin female infants.
4. Pope, The Haverhill Emerson's, p. 25.
5. Laurel Thatcher Ulrich, Good Wifes, Image and Reality in the Lives of Women in Northern New England 1650-1750 (New York: Oxford University Press) pp. 157-158.
6. Pope, The Haverhill Emersons, p. 11.
7. Ibid, p. 12.
8. This event is cited in a number of different sources. Among these are Good Wives, pp. 167-170; The Haverhill Emersons, pp21-23; and Cotton Mather, Magnalia Christi Americana, (Boston, 1702, reprinted New Haven, 1820) Book VII, pp. 550-551.
9. Hannah may have felt she had just cause to slay her captors. During the raid in which she was captured the Indians dashed her days old infant's brains out against a tree. This was a common practice among Native Americans involved in capturing white New Englanders for eventual ransom as an infant would have slowed down the raiding party.
10. Good Wives, pp. 187-188.
11. Anne Bradstreet, "Meditations," in The Works of Anne Bradstreet, ed. John Harvard Ellis (Gloucester, Mass.: Peter Smith, 1962) p. 65.
12. Records and Files of the Quarterly Courts of Essex County Massachusetts, (Salem, Mass.: Essex Institute, 1917), VI, p. 141. Herafter referred to as ECR.
13. There is some discrepency as to the age of Elizabeth at the time of this beatin. Charles Henry Pope in The Haverhill Emersons, p. 12, gives her age as nine. At the time of the court hearing Elizabeth would have been eleven.
14. ECR, VI, p. 212-213.
15. ECR, VIII, p. 91-92.
16. Pope, The Haverhill Emersons, p. 25.
17. ECR, IX, p. 603.
18. Ibid.
19. Pope, The Haverhill Emersons, p. 11.
20. Pope, The Haverhill Emersons, pp. 15-16.
21. Charles Wingate Chase, History of Haverhill Massachusetts (Somersworth, NH: New England History Press, 1861; reprint 1983), pp. 138-139.
22. ECR, IX, p. 603.
23. ECR, IX, p. 93.
24. The following is from Suffolk Court, Early Files, 2636.
25. One of the women, Mary Neff, was the same woman who later accompanied Hannah (Emerson) Dustin into captivity and helped to slay their Indian captors.
26. Pope, The Haverhill Emersons, p. 38.
27. Ibid, p. 48.
28. Ibid, p. 128. In fact, Samuel Ladd was paid 3.17.00 while the man nearest him on the payroll was paid only 1.17.00. Ironically, that man was Robert Swan. No Emersons are listed on the militial roll.
29. ECR, IX, p. 344.
30. Pope, The Haverhill Emersons, p. 26.
31. Suffolk Court, Early Files, 2636.
32. Ibid.
33. Pope, The Haverhill Emersons, p. 47.
34. Ibid, p. 157.
35. Collections of the Massachusetts Historical Society. May 1691, p. 203.
36. N.E.H. Full, Female Felons (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1987), p. 34. For the primary source documents on crimes punishable by death in the Massachusetts Bay see Acts and Resolves, Public and Private, of the Province of Massachusetts Bay, 21 vols. (Boston, 1869-1922), 1, p. 55-56 (1692).
37. Early American Works, #655.
38. Pope, The Haverhill Emersons, pp. 13-14.
EMERSON, Elizabeth (I6659)
271 "They had at least 8 children" (Noyes, Libby & Davis, "Gen. Dict. NH & ME," 183-4). Family F17014
272 "This certifies that Albert A. Carleton aged 24 years of the town of St. Clair in the County of St. Clair in the State of Michigan and Margaret Falkenbury aged 21 years of the same place were joined together in Holy Matrimony on this 18th day of April AD 1850 by me[,] Milton Ward[,] Minister of the Gospel[,] in presence of Geo. W. Carleton Ann E. Carleton." Family F23405
273 "Thomas Davis, constable of Haverhill, according to the Governor's warrant, brought in Stephen Kent, Matthias Button, Dutchman, and John Mackcalamy, Scotman" [EQC 1:278, March Term, 1653].

R. Glen Nye and Katherine (Watson) Nye identify Mathias Button as "a son of Thomas Button of Harrold, Bedford Co., England. He was baptized there October 11, 1607" [Button Gen 23]. Such a baptism does exist, but there is no further evidence to support this claim. Furthermore, since our Matthias is called at one point a "Dutchman," he presumably derived from a Germanic-speaking region on the Continent and not from England.  
BUTTON, Matthias (I6018)
274 "Thomas Paine & his wife Rebecka were received into ye co'munion of the church 23 of ye 2d m. 1641." Dedham, Massachusetts church.  PAINE, Thomas (I28964)
275 "Thomas Rolinson, proven impotent, on complaint of his wife, was to take counsel of physicians forthwith, follow their advice, and report to court" [EQC 1:221] Family F14563
276 "Thomas, fifth, s. Francis and Mehitabel, at sea, suddenly, June 7, 1782" FELTON, Thomas (I22265)
277 "Thomas, jr., and Elizabeth Walcutt, Feb. 15, 1738-9" Family F3465
278 "Timothy, Dea., and Patty Emerson of Salem, NH, int. Mar. 22, 1812" Family F2361
279 "Today, the fifteenth of january, seventeen hundred and fifty two, after publication of three marriage banns, made in both parishes on three consecutive sundays, of the intentions of Jean Baptiste Pinard son of Guillaume Pinard dit Beauchemin and Marguerite Leclaire, both father and mother of the parish of St. Jean Baptiste of Nicolet, on the one part, and Agathe Lupiend, daughter of Jean Baptiste Lupiend and Marie Ann Phaphard, both father and mother of the parish of St. Joseph's of Maskinonge... Guay, priest." PINARD RAICHE, Jean Baptiste (I23056)
280 "Upon the eighteenth day of March came one from Salem and told us that upon the fifteenth thereof there died Mrs. Skelton, the wife of the other minister there, who, about eighteen or twenty days before, handling cold things in a sharp morning, put herself into a most violent fit of the wind colic and vomiting, which continuing, she at length fell into a fever and so died as before. She was a godly and an helpful woman, and indeed the main pillar of her family, having left behind her an husband and four children, weak and helpless, who can scarce tell how to live without her. She lived desired and died lamented, and well deserves to be honorably remembered [Dudley 82]." TRAVIS, Susanna (I29113)
281 "Vital Records of Hudson, NH 1734-1985" incorrectly records his name as "Moses F." born on the same day in 1881.

CORLISS, Hosea Frederick (I1571)
282 "wanting 5 days of three score years old" DOWNING, Elizabeth (I45197)
283 "Wid. of Capt. Josiah Hobart, formerly Squire, abt. 78 years & half, died abt. 9 in eve." ----- SQUIRE, Ann (I99179)
284 "William Clark son of William Clark and Eunice his wif was Born June the 9 day: 1717" CLARK, William Jr. (I37035)
285 "William, Capt., and Mrs. Abigail Stickne, Feb 14, 1733 or 34" Family F3269
286 "Wilobe" COLBY, Willoughby (I40187)
287 "With consent of court," the marriage record of Ralph H. Abbott and Bernice I. Blackey cites the groom's residence Sandwich, New Hampshire, age 17, occupation Laborer, born Tamworth, New Hampshire, son of Herbert E. Abbott, age 41, occupation Farmer, born Sandwich, New Hampshire, and Alice M. Gilman, age 36, occupation Housewife, born Tamworth, New Hampshire, who both reside in Sandwich. The bride's residence is Moultonboro, New Hampshire, age 14, occupation At Home, born South Tamworth, daughter of John L. Blackey, age 37k occupation Farmer, born Moultonboro, New Hampshire, and Katharine M. Whiting, age 38, occupation Housewife, born South Tamworth, New Hampshire, who both reside in Moultonboro, New Hampshire. It is a first marriage for both. Intentions filed 18 January 1924.  Family F22846
288 "Zebedee and Repentance Bennett, Aug. 6, 1761" Family F12939
289 "Zebedee [dup. (Lt.), dup. and int. of P.] and Lydia [dup. and int. Lidia] Loring Jr. [int. of P., dup. (first w., ch. Capt. Caleb Esq. and Lydia), see Caleb, b. Oct. 2 1704], Aug. 8, 1737" Family F12941
290 "Zechary Johnson [son-in-law] of Charlestown..., brickmaker, & Elizabeth Johnson his wife" wold to Jeremiah Cushing land at Boston which "John Jeffs formerly of Boston..., mariner, deceased, did in his lifetime purchase," and which was after his decease "divided among the children of the said Jeffs,... one of which children Elizabeth Johnson formerly Elizabeth Jeffs is the wife of the aforesaid Zechary Johnson" [SLR 11:93-95].  JEFFS, John (I37373)
291 "[Apr 13. a 53 y.]" AYER, Timothy (I9304)
292 "___, ch. Nathaniel, Sept. __, 1791" HOLMES (I38076)
293 "___, d. Nathaniel, Feb 13, 1811" HOLMES, Mary (I24784)
294 "___, s. Nathaniel, June 15, 1808" HOLMES, Asa (I38075)
295 "_____, ch. Nathaniel, July 22, 1798" HOLMES (I38078)
296 "_____, ch. Nathaniell, Oct. 8, 1793" HOLMES, Susan (I24783)
297 "_____, s. Nathaniel, Jan. 11, 1796" HOLMES (I38077)
298 "_____, w. Robert, Apr. 3, 1751, a. 63 y." LARCUM, Elizabeth (I38183)
299 #011036-74 Alison Bryant, 28, Ohio USA, Michigan USA, widower, merchant, s/o Alison & Soloma Bryant, married Marion W. Phillips, 21, King, same, s, d/o Oliver S. & Catharine W. Phillips, witn; Titus Robinson, Louisa Caldwell, both Newmarket, married 23 November 1873, King.  Family F18003
300 #45380, Elmer Sterling, nativity Iowa, age 24, occupation Mattress Maker, 5'5-1/2", fair complexion, hazel eyes, brown hair, eyes crossed, sent from Los Angeles, crime Robbery 1st, received [San Quentin State Prison] 12 May 1928, sentence 5-Life. Discharged 12 April 1933.  STERLING, Elmer Leroy (I88815)

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