Gov. John ENDICOTT

Gov. John ENDICOTT

Male - Aft 1664

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  • Name Gov. John ENDICOTT 
    Prefix Gov. 
    Gender Male 
    Died Aft Jan 1664 
    Person ID I21893  FamilyWorld
    Last Modified 22 Jul 2011 

    Family 1 Anne GOWER,   d. Aft Feb 1628/9 
    Married Abt 1628 
    Last Modified 17 Jul 2011 
    Family ID F9290  Group Sheet

    Family 2 Elizabeth COGAN,   b. Abt 1607, Chard, Somersetshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Aft 13 Apr 1674  (Age ~ 67 years) 
    Married 18 Aug 1630  Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Children 
     1. John ENDICOTT,   b. Abt 1632
     2. Dr. Zerubbabel ENDICOTT,   b. Abt 1635
    Last Modified 17 Jul 2011 
    Family ID F7142  Group Sheet

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 18 Aug 1630 - Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Maps 
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Photos
    'The Puritan' 1899 Augustus Saint-Gaudens
    "The Puritan" 1899 Augustus Saint-Gaudens

  • Notes 
    • The Great Migration Begins, pgs. 639-646: The origins of John Endicott are unknown. He arrived in Naumkeag (later Salem) 5 September 1628 on the Abigail, living first in Salem, and removed to Boston in 1655. His occupation was Magistrate, and was a member of the Salem church. He does not appear on a list of freemen, but certainly held that status given the many colonial offices he held. He was an educated man, and an Overseer of Harvard College in 1642.

      John Endicott was Governor of the Massachusetts Bay Company's settlement at Salem 1628-9; Massachusetts Bay Colony Assistant 1630-34, 1636-40, 1645-48; Deputy-Governor 1641-43, 1650, 1654; Governor 1644, 1649, 1651-3, 1655-64. He was a colonel of the Essex regiment, and Sargeant Major General in 1645-6.

      John Endicott was granted hundreds of acres of land in the Salem vicinity, later granted one thousand acres of his choosing, and later still one-quarter of Block Island. Both his holographic will of 2 May 1659 and his nuncuperative will of January 1664/5 were brought to court. In his holographic will, John Endicott divided his estate between his widow and two sons, along with ten pounds at age twenty-one to Zerobabel's son John, and other anmounts to Mr. Norrice, a teacher; Mr. Wilson, pastor of Boston; Mr. Norton, teacher; and to the poor of Boston.

      Pgs. 641-642: "Jeremiah Howchin, father of Elizabeth (Howchin) Endicott, wife of the Governor's elder son, too exception to the 1659 will and deposed that when the Governor approached him to permit the marriage of their children, Endicott promised to give his son the Chickering farm and build a barn and leanto, as well as fence the land and provide horse and oxen and cows and sheep, and that his son John and heirs would receive all the farm called Orchard after his death and the death of his wife. With these guarantees, Howchin allowed his daughter to marry young John 'without that the match had never been consented unto by this deponent.' He further stated that about 29 January he had spoken with the Governor who told him that he had not finished his will and that his wife had made 'great endeavors' regarding it and asked Howchin to write down his true mind, which he did [CSM 20:261-62 citing MA Arch 15B:96].

      "This nuncuperative will, signed by Jeremiah Howchin claimed to be the mind of the Governor, saying 'Tell the magistrates that I am not capable to make my will myself for reasons best known to myself I would willingly live that little time I have to live in peace which is not like to be long[.] I have made no will that I approve of neither have I delivered any in one respect or another as my will to this day and do declare that all be pretended to be my will I say I do renounce and disown and to be of non effect: ...I love my dear wife she have taken pains with me not a little I desire respect may be unto her[.] I desire she may have my orchard farm ...for time of her life only eight acres of salt meadow to be taken from it and laid to my son John ...only what goods were brought by my daughter into the house is my daughter['s] to enjoy and take away ...and I do charge that my son John may have a double portion of all my estate confirmed upon him his heirs and assigns forever Chickerol's farm to be appraised and 8 acres of meadow and Zerubobel's land to be appraised and that at Salim and what my son John's went by estimation to be as much more in value as that I have given to Zerubbobel to be made good to John and his heires and assigns forever he is the son of my strent [strength?] and have taken pains with me and after my wife's decease my two sons to have the orchard farm my son John two-thirds and Zerubbabel one-third ...and my son John to have what books that he desireth for physic and chirurgery [CSM 20:263, citing MA Arch 16B:96-106].

      "The resulting conflict between the widow Elizabeth and eldest son John caused the General court on 23 May 1666 to order that the estate be administered by the widow and sons, guided by the terms of the 1659 will. To protect the interest of son John's wife Elizabeth Howchin, the court provided that the farm called 'Chickering's' deeded to her husband and all the property bequeathed to son John in the 1659 will should be hers during her life if she should outlive her husband [MBCR 4:2:289, 311-2; EQC 7:16-17]."

      "The funeral was a costly affair, and the widow Endicott was allowed L160 from the county treasury over five years to 'discharge the charge of wine, cakes, tomb, and powder expended... whereof [L60] was in consideration of her expense of seventy pounds in mourning clothes for herself, children, & family.' May 1665 [MBCR 4:2:151].

      "In May of 1671, the General Court 'being informed that the widow... of the late honored Governor, Mr. John Endicott, Esqr., is reduced to a very low condition, w[hi]ch is not honorable for this Court, do therefore order, that the thirty pounds per annum by this Court allowed to her, being expired, shall & is hereby anew granted to her... during [her] widowhood' [MBCR 4:2:487-88]."

      There are inconsistencies that suggest Endicott had more than two wives. Nothing is known of the Gibson of whom his second wife was supposedly widow. One source cites Chagford, Devonshire, as Endicott's birthplace, but the argument has difficulties.

      "Endicott's elder son John was sickly and never had children. Younger son Zerubabbel fathered many children, but seems to have been content to take his substantial education and patrimony and play the role of gentleman planter, entirely lacking his father's Puritan drive and ardor for public service."

      Pg. 645: "Savage spent a disproportionate amount of space in a specious argument over whether or not Endicott was first Governor of Massachusetts Bay. Endicott deserves serious attention for the direction and guidance he afforded the young colony, regardless of the offices he held in providing it. His concern for the proper evolution of the settlement ranged from the broad picture down to the drums he bought for Salem [STR 1:138].

      In a typically direct action, Endicott admonished the dissolute revelers at Merry Mount in 1628 [Bradford 206; NEHGR 1:211]. He firmly deported the 'schismatists' John and Samuel Browne in 1630, a decision which earned him some criticism for rigidity in England. His strongly puritanical views moved him to deface the military ensign [flag] for being a symbol of popish idolatry in 1634 [WJ 1:155-6, 158], thus leading to his suspension from office for a year, the only gap in public service in all his years in New England. Still direct and seemingly heedless of consequences, he led the punitive expedition of a hundred men against the Indians in 1636, which undoubtedly did much to cause the Pequot War of 1637.

      "Endicott sternly persecuted the Quakers and hanged three, including Mary Dyer, actions which earned him much criticism from later historians [MBCR 4:419].

  • Sources 
    1. [S30] Great Migration Begins, The , Robert Charles Anderson, (New England Historic Genealogical Society, 101 Newbury St., Boston, MA 02116, 1995), ISBN 0-88082-044-6., 642.