Anthony COLBY

Anthony COLBY

Male 1606 - 1661  (~ 54 years)

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  • Name Anthony COLBY 
    Christened 8 Sep 1605/6  Horbling, Lincolnshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Gender Male 
    Emigration 1630  Horbling, Lincolnshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Immigration 1630  Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Living 1632  Cambridge, Middlesex County, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Living 1637  Ipswich, Essex County, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Living 1640  Salisbury, Essex County, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Died 11 Feb 1660/1  Salisbury, Essex County, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Person ID I24282  FamilyWorld
    Last Modified 8 Jun 2012 

    Father Thomas COLBY,   b. 20 Dec 1567, Sempringham, Lincolnshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 11 Dec 1625, Horbling, Lincolnshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 57 years) 
    Mother Anne JACKSON,   b. 21 Nov 1574, Horbling, Lincolnshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 4 May 1595, Horbling, Lincolnshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 20 years) 
    Married 4 May 1595  Horbling, Lincolnshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID F8234  Group Sheet

    Family Susannah,   b. 1610, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 8 Jul 1689, Amesbury, Essex County, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 79 years) 
    Married 1631/2  Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
    +1. John COLBY,   c. 8 Sept 1633, Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 11 Feb 1673/4, Amesbury, Essex County, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 40 years)
    +2. Sarah COLBY,   b. Abt 1635, Cambridgeport, Middlesex County, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 18 May 1663, Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 28 years)
    +3. Samuel COLBY,   b. Abt 1639,   d. 5 Jul 1716, Amesbury, Essex County, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 77 years)
    +4. Isaac COLBY,   b. 6 Jul 1640, Salisbury, Essex County, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 15 Apr 1684, Rowley, Essex County, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 43 years)
     5. Rebecca COLBY,   b. 11 Mar 1643, Salisbury, Essex County, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 10 Jun 1672, Haverhill, Essex County, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 29 years)
     6. Mary COLBY,   b. 19 Sep 1647, Salisbury, Essex County, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Bef 1720, Amesbury, Essex County, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age < 72 years)
    +7. Thomas COLBY,   b. 8 Mar 1650, Salisbury, Essex County, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Bef Mar 1691, Salisbury, Essex County, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age < 40 years)
    Last Modified 16 Jul 2011 
    Family ID F8110  Group Sheet

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsChristened - 8 Sep 1605/6 - Horbling, Lincolnshire, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsEmigration - 1630 - Horbling, Lincolnshire, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsImmigration - 1630 - Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsLiving - 1632 - Cambridge, Middlesex County, Massachusetts Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 1631/2 - Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsLiving - 1637 - Ipswich, Essex County, Massachusetts Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsLiving - 1640 - Salisbury, Essex County, Massachusetts Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 11 Feb 1660/1 - Salisbury, Essex County, Massachusetts Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Maps 
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Photos
    'The Puritan' 1899 Augustus Saint-Gaudens
    "The Puritan" 1899 Augustus Saint-Gaudens

  • Notes 
    • Anthony Colby was of Horbling, Lincolnshire, and migrated in 1630, first to Boston, and then removed to Cambridge in 1632, Ipswich in 1637, Salisbury in 1640, then Amesbury, and finally Salisbury.

      "Anthony Chaulby" was admitted to the Boston church in 1630/1, and dismissed 2 August 1646 for admission to the Church of Salisbury. He was made a freeman on 14 May 1634, and could sign his own name. He held offices of Essex grand jury and petit jury.

      He married 1633 Susanna (_____) Waterman, widow of _____ Waterman of Boston (land "at first granted to [blank] Waterman who deceased. Anthony Colbye married his widow & they two sold the said land unto James Pennyman..." [SLR 11:176-77]); she married (3) by 1663 William Whitridge (petitions as Susanna "Whittredge formerly Colbie" to sell real estate 28 March 1682 [EPR 1:409]); she died 8 July 1689.

      Earlier writers erroneously placed Anthony Colby's origin in Beccles, Suffolkshire, but in 1975 Glade Ian Nelson showed that the Beccles Anthony was still in England long after the immigrant was settled in the Massachusetts Bay [TAG 51:65-71]. More recently John B. Threlfall made what appears to be the correct identification in Horbling, Lincolnshire [GMC50 123]. Anthony Colby was not at that time and in that area as rare a name as one might think, so the simple appearance of a baptism at about the right time is in itself not sufficient evidence. But the occurrence of a baptism in Horbling, the home of Simon Bradstreet, who seems to be indirectly connected with Colby, makes this very likely the correct solution to the problem.

      The identity of Susannah _____ is one of the perennial mysteries of the period. Several authors have suggested that Susannah's maiden name was Haddon, given that Colby and Garrett Haddon were neighbors and associates. Others have suggested that she was the daughter of William Sargent, and others that she was a Nutting, all without support. Her identity is currently unknown. Among other defects to be found in the literature regarding Colby and his family, there is no obvious reason why Savage said there would four children earlier than Isaac and no support has been found for Sarah's birthdate given by Waterman.

      Anthony Colby was ordered to build four rods of fence around the common lands in Cambridge in a list dated 2 January 1632/3 (but probably from a year or two later) [CaTR 5].

      At Salem Court on 3 October 1637 "Anthony Colebie" of Ipswich sued John Hall of Saugus [EQC 1:6].

      William Osgood and the other part-owners of the old mill at Salisbury were brought to task for failing to pay the town its share of lumber agreed upon in return for allowing the mill to be built on Salisbury land. Osgood had to sue the heirs of the other owners, including "Susan Whitrige, administratrix of Anthony Colbye," to recover boards for Salisbury, which he did at court September Term, 1682. Among the depositions establishing the number of boards due were several describing the immigration into Essex County, such as that of John Pressy "aged about forty-four years, testified that the first summer he came into this country, in 1651... I do well remember that the saw mill at Salisbury was one thing that was accounted a rare thing and I did go to see it and I did see it going and sawing boards that very summer" [EQC 8:250, 373-75].

      Granted three acres in Cambridge behind the Pine Swamp, 5 January 1634/5 [CaTR 11]; received a proportional share of one in the undivided meadow ground, 20 August 1635 [CaTR 13]; in the list of those with "houses" in Cambridge (number of "houses" torn, but in the West End), 8 February 1635/6 [CaTR 19].

      In the Cambridge land inventory on 10 October 1635 "Anthony Couldby" held five parcels of land: one house with backside, about three acres, in the West End; one house with planting ground, about three acres, in West End Field; three acres by the Pine Swamp; four acres in the Neck of Land; and four acres in the Great Marsh [CaBOP 32]; at least one of these lots, and perhaps more, purchased by Simon Crosby [CaBOP 67].

      The inventory of the estate of "Anthony Collby, late of Salisbury" was taken 9 March 1660 by Samuel Hall, Thomas Bradbury and Thomas Barnett. It totalled L349 19s. 4d. of which L185 10s. was real estate: "a dwelling house & barn & fourteen acres of upland in tillage," L70; "a pasture of about thirty acres," L20; "2 lots at... Mr. Hall's Farm," L5 10s.; "about eighteen acres of fresh meadow," L40; the "accommodation" bought of Mr. Groome, L6; "two lots of sweepage & one higgledee piggildee lot," L4; "sixty acres of upland towards Pentucett bounds with meadow to be laid out," L10; and the "eighth part of the old saw mill," L30. Among the interesting items inventoried were numerous sawmill blades and accoutrements, and "old swords and two old muskets, L1" [EPR 1:407-10].

      Near the end of her life, Susannah Whittredge was described by the selectmen of Amesbury as "...an ancient and helpless widow belonging to the town of Amesbury... not withstanding a comfortable and competent maintenance being allowed unto her out of the estate of her former deceased husband Anthony Coleby... yet she being a woman attended with many infirmities both of body and mind, is utterly incapable of doing anything that may contribute to her livelihood or comfortable subsistence... she living alone, wanting such help and attendance as may be convenient, continually laboring under such infirmities of body as usually attend old age often times sick and many times destitute of divers necessaries and always of the conveniences of life, any otherwise than she is supplied by one or two of her children, whose families in the meantime want the same at home, and very much defective and decayed in her understanding...," September Term 1682 [EQC 8:388].

      The court ordered that her sons, Samuel, Isaac and Thomas Colby, provide for her and sell what land was necessary to maintain her from the Colby estate [EQC 8:388].

      The inventory of the estate of "the widow Susannah Whitridge who deceased July the 8th or thereabouts in the year of Grace 1689" was taken 9 September 1691 and totalled L151 15s. including real estate valued at L143: "5 acres of tillage"; "half the ferry meadow"; "a lot in the division called the great farms"; "a lot of upland in a division called [illegible]"; "a lot in the ox pasture division"; "a lot near the north meadow"; "a lot in Bugsmore division"; and "a lot in the great swamp" [EPR 304:400].

      The final division of the estate of Susannah Whitridge on 5 August 1700 allowed a double portion to "Samll Coleby Eldest [surviving] Son" L1. 12s. 6d., and equal shares of 16s. 3d. to "the children of John Colby..."; "the children of Isaac Colby..."; "the children of Thomas Colby..."; "the children of Sarah Colby..."; "the children of Rebeckah Colby..."; and "the children of Mary Colby..." [EPR 307:176-77]. [2]

  • Sources 
    1. [S60] Great Migration: Immigrants to New England, 1634-1635, 415.

    2. [S30] Great Migration Begins, The , Robert Charles Anderson, (New England Historic Genealogical Society, 101 Newbury St., Boston, MA 02116, 1995), ISBN 0-88082-044-6., pgs. 413-16.