Gov. Thomas DUDLEY

Gov. Thomas DUDLEY

Male 1576 - 1653  (~ 76 years)

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  • Name Gov. Thomas DUDLEY 
    Prefix Gov. 
    Christened 12 Oct 1576  Yardley Hastings, Norhamptonshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Died 31 Jul 1653  Roxbury, Suffolk County, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I28031  FamilyWorld
    Last Modified 29 Apr 2012 

    Father Roger DUDLEY,   b. Abt 1552,   d. 14 Mar 1589/90  (Age ~ 38 years) 
    Mother Susanna THORNE,   b. 5 Mar 1558/9, Yardley Hastings, Norhamptonshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Aft 29 Oct 1588  (Age 29 years) 
    Married 8 Jun 1575  Lidlington, Bedfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID F9278  Group Sheet

    Family 1 Dorothy YORKE,   d. 27 Dec 1643, Roxbury, Suffolk County, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married 25 Apr 1603  Hardingstone, Northamptonshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. Thomas DUDLEY,   b. Abt 1605, England Find all individuals with events at this location
    +2. Samuel DUDLEY,   c. 30 Nov 1608, Northampton, Northamptonshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 10 Feb 1683, Exeter, Rockingham County, New Hampshire Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 74 years)
     3. Anne DUDLEY,   b. 20 Mar 1611, Northampton, Northamptonshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 16 Sept 1672, Andover, Essex County, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 61 years)
     4. Patience DUDLEY,   b. Abt 1612
     5. Sarah DUDLEY,   b. Bef 23 Jul 1620
    +6. Mercy DUDLEY,   b. 27 Sept 1621
    Last Modified 16 Jul 2011 
    Family ID F9269  Group Sheet

    Family 2 Katherine DEIGHTON,   c. 16 Jan 1614, Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married 4 Apr 1644  Roxbury, Suffolk County, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. Deborah DUDLEY,   b. 27 Feb 1644/5, Roxbury, Suffolk County, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location
    +2. Joseph DUDLEY,   b. 23 Sept 1647, Roxbury, Suffolk County, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 2 Apr 1720, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 72 years)
     3. Paul DUDLEY,   b. Bef 8 Sept 1650
    Last Modified 16 Jul 2011 
    Family ID F9279  Group Sheet

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsChristened - 12 Oct 1576 - Yardley Hastings, Norhamptonshire, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 25 Apr 1603 - Hardingstone, Northamptonshire, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 4 Apr 1644 - Roxbury, Suffolk County, Massachusetts Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 31 Jul 1653 - Roxbury, Suffolk County, Massachusetts Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Maps 
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Photos
    'The Puritan' 1899 Augustus Saint-Gaudens
    "The Puritan" 1899 Augustus Saint-Gaudens

  • Notes 
    • Wikipedia: Thomas Dudley was born in Yardley Hastings, a village near Northampton, England, on 12 October 1576, to Roger and Susanna (Thorne) Dudley. His father, a captain in the English army, was apparently killed in battle. It was for some time believed he was killed in the 1590 Battle of Ivry, but this is unlikely because Susanna Dudley was later found to be widowed by 1588. The 1586 Siege of Zutphen has also been suggested as the occasion of Roger Dudley's death. The family has long asserted connections to the Dudleys of Dudley Castle; there is a similarity in their coats of arms, but association beyond a probable common ancestry with them has never been conclusively demonstrated. Dudley's mother, Susanna Thorne, was descended from Henry II of England through her Purefoy ancestors. As a young man, Thomas Dudley was a page in the household of William, Baron Compton. He raised a company of men following a call to arms by Queen Elizabeth, and served in the army of King Henry IV of France during the French Wars of Religion, and was present at the 1597 Siege of Amiens.

      After he was discharged from his military service, Dudley returned to Northamptonshire. He then entered the service of Sir Augustine Nicolls, a relative of his mother's, as a clerk. Nicolls, a lawyer and later a judge, was recognized for his honesty at a time when many judges were susceptible to bribery and other malfeasance. He was also sympathetic to the Puritan cause; the exposure to legal affairs and Nicolls' religious views probably had a significant influence on Dudley. After Nicolls' sudden death in 1616, Dudley took a position with Theophilus Clinton, 4th Earl of Lincoln, serving as a steward responsible for managing some of the earl's estates. The earl's estate in Lincolnshire was a center of Nonconformist thought, and Dudley was already recognized for his Puritan virtues by the time he entered the earl's service. According to Cotton Mather's biography of Dudley, he successfully disentangled a legacy of financial difficulties bequeathed to the earl, and the earl consequently came to depend on Dudley for financial advice. Dudley's services were not entirely pecuniary in nature: he is also said to have had an important role in securing the engagement of Clinton to Lord Saye's daughter. In 1622, Dudley acquired the assistance of Simon Bradstreet who was eventually drawn to Dudley's daughter Anne. The two were married six years later, when she was 16.

      Dudley was briefly out of Lincoln's service between about 1624 and 1628. During this time he lived with his growing family in Boston, Lincolnshire, where he likely was a parishioner at St Botolph's Church, where John Cotton preached. The Dudleys were known to be back on Lincoln's estate in 1628, when his daughter Anne came down with smallpox and was treated there.

    • Thomas Dudley departed Sempringham, Lincolnshire, England in 1630; his first residence was Charlestown. He removed to Cambridge 1631; Ipswich 1634; and Roxbury by 1644. His occupation was Magistrate, and he was a member of the Boston church. Thomas Dudley was made a freeman 25 May 1636, although Dudley would have been considered a freeman from the time of joining the Massachusetts Bay Company in England, and was at this date (along with other early colony leaders) only confirming a condition of long standing.

      "...he was trained up in some Latin school 'by the care of Mrs. Purefoy' and 'became a clerk to his kinsman Judge Nicolls, under whose instruction he acquired much skill in the law" [NEHGR 10:133].

      Thomas Dudley was Governor of Massachusetts Bay, 1634, 1640, 1645, 1650, as well as deputy governor, assistant, Commissioner of the United Colonies for Massachusetts Bay, and Sargeant Major General. [1]
    • Katherine Deighton, baptized at St. Nicholas, Gloucester, Gloucestershire 16 January 1614/15.

      She married (1st) at St. Nicholas, Gloucester, Gloucestershire 25 December 1633 Samuel Hackburne (or Hagborne). They had two sons, Samuel and John, and two daughters, Elizabeth (wife of John Chickering) and Hannah (wife of Samuel Hunting).

      They immigrated to New England where they settled at Roxbury, Massachusetts.

      Samuel Hackborne was buried 27 December 1642.

      His widow Katherine married (2nd) at Roxbury, Massachusetts 4 April 1644 (as his 2nd wife) Gov. Thomas Dudley of Cambridge, Ipswich, and Roxbury, Massachusetts. They had two sons, Joseph and Paul, and one daughter Deborah (wife of Jonathan Wade).

      Gov. Thomas Dudley died at Roxbury, Massachusetts 31 July 1653.

      Katherine married (3rd) at Dedham, Massachusetts 8 November 1653 (as his 2nd wife) Rev. John Allin of Dedham, Massachusetts. They had three sons, Benjamin, Daniel, and Eliezer.

      She died 20 August 1671. [2]

  • Sources 
    1. [S30] Great Migration Begins, The , Robert Charles Anderson, (New England Historic Genealogical Society, 101 Newbury St., Boston, MA 02116, 1995), ISBN 0-88082-044-6., pgs. 581-88.

    2. [S67] Magna Carta Ancestry, Douglas Richardson, (Douglas Richardson, Salt Lake City, Utah), ISBN 1460992709., vol. II, pg. 40.