John ALDEN

John ALDEN

Male Abt 1599 - 1687  (~ 88 years)

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  • Name John ALDEN 
    Born Abt 1599  [1
    Gender Male 
    Emigration 1620  Southampton, Hampshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Aboard the Mayflower 
    Immigration 1620  Plymouth, Plymouth County, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Living 1632  Duxbury, Plymouth County, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Died 12 Sep 1687  Duxbury, Plymouth County, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Buried Duxbury, Plymouth County, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I29164  FamilyWorld
    Last Modified 30 Jan 2014 

    Family Priscilla MULLINS,   b. Abt 1602, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Aft 1651, Duxbury, Plymouth County, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 50 years) 
    Married Abt 1623  Plymouth, Plymouth County, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Children 
    +1. Elizabeth ALDEN,   b. Abt 1624,   d. 31 May 1717, Plymouth, Plymouth County, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 93 years)
     2. John ALDEN,   b. Abt 1626,   d. 14 Mar 1701/2  (Age ~ 76 years)
     3. Joseph ALDEN,   b. Abt 1627
     4. Priscilla ALDEN,   b. Abt 1630
    +5. Jonathan ALDEN,   b. Abt 1632,   d. 14 Feb 1696/7, Duxbury, Plymouth County, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 65 years)
    +6. Sarah ALDEN,   b. Abt 1634, Duxbury, Plymouth County, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1688, Duxbury, Plymouth County, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 54 years)
    +7. Ruth ALDEN,   b. Abt 1636,   d. 12 Aug 1674, Braintree, Norfolk County, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 38 years)
     8. Mary ALDEN,   b. Abt 1638
    +9. Rebecca ALDEN,   b. Abt 1640, Duxbury, Plymouth County, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 13 Jun 1688, Duxbury, Plymouth County, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 48 years)
     10. David ALDEN,   b. Abt 1642
    Last Modified 29 Jul 2011 
    Family ID F9752  Group Sheet

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsEmigration - Aboard the Mayflower - 1620 - Southampton, Hampshire, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsImmigration - 1620 - Plymouth, Plymouth County, Massachusetts Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - Abt 1623 - Plymouth, Plymouth County, Massachusetts Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsLiving - 1632 - Duxbury, Plymouth County, Massachusetts Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 12 Sep 1687 - Duxbury, Plymouth County, Massachusetts Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBuried - - Duxbury, Plymouth County, Massachusetts Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Maps 
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Photos
    'Mayflower in Plymouth Harbor' by William Halsall, 1882, at Pilgrim Hall Museum, Plymouth, Massachusetts, USA
    "Mayflower in Plymouth Harbor" by William Halsall, 1882, at Pilgrim Hall Museum, Plymouth, Massachusetts, USA

  • Notes 
    • The Great Migration Begins, pgs. 21-26: John Alden emigrated from Southampton, England in 1620 aboard the Mayflower to Plymouth Colony, Massachusetts. His occupation was Cooper.

      He is in the "...'1633' Plymouth list of freemen, among those admitted prior to 1 January 1632/3 [PCR 1:3]; also in lists dated in or near 1637, 1639 and 1658 (in the latter two listed as of Duxbury) [PCR 1:52, 8:174]."

      "Although there is no direct evidence for his literary and educational attainments, his extensive public service, including especially his appointments as colony treasurer and to committees on revising the laws, certain indicates that he must have been well educated"

      "'Mr. John Alden Sen[ior]' is in the Duxbury section of the 1643 list of men able to bear arms [PCR 8:129]"

      He served as assistant to the court; Deputy for Duxbury to Plymouth General Court; acted as Deputy Governor on two occasions in the absence of the Governor; a member of the Council of War, Committee to revise laws, Committee on Kennebec trade, and appointed to numerous other minor posts and committees by Plymouth General Court.

      "In 1623 Plymouth land division granted [John Alden] an unknown number of acres as a passenger on the Mayflower in 1620 [PCR 12:4]. In 1627 Plymouth cattle division, [he was] included in company of John Howland, along with wife Priscilla, daughter Elizabeth and son John [PCR 12:10].

      He was assessed taxes in Plymouth in 1633 and 1634, and assigned mowing ground for the year in 1635/6 and 1636/7.

      "On 6 March 1636/7 'A parcel of land containing a knoll, or a little hill, lying over against Mr. Alden's land at Blewfish River, is granted by the court unto the said Mr. John Alden in lieu of a parcel of land taken from him (next to Samuel Nash's lands) for public use' [PCR 1:51].

      "Granted 'certain lands at Green's Harbor,' 5 February 1637/8 [PCR 1:76]. Granted to Miles Standish and John Alden three hundred acres 'on the north side of the South River,' 2 July 1638 [PCR 1:91]. Granted 'a little parcel of land... lying at the southerly side of his lot,' 3 September 1638 [PCR 1:95].

      "On 3 June1657 'Liberty is granted unto Mr. John Alden to look out a portion of land to accommodate his sons withall, and to make report thereof unto the Court, that so it may be confirmed unto him' [PCR 3:120].

      "13 June 1660: 'In regard that Mr. Alden is low in his estate, and occasioned to spend much time at the courts on the country's occasions, and so hath done this many years, the Courts have allowed him a small gratuity, the sum of ten pounds, to be paid by the Treasurer' [PCR 3:195].

      "Granted 'a competency of land' at Namasskett, 7 June 1665 [PCR 4:95]. Granted one hundred acres at Teticutt, 4 March 1673/4 [PCR 5:141].

      "On 1 April 1679 John Alden gave to his son Joseph 'all that my share of land... within the township of Bridgewater [PLR 3:194].

      "On 8 July 1674 John Alden of Duxbury 'for love and natural affection and other valuable causes and considerations' deeded to 'David Alden his true and natural son all that his land both meadow and upland that belongs unto him situate or being at or about a place called Rootey Brook within the Township of Middleborough... excepting only one hundred acres,' containing about three hundred acres [PLR 3:330].

      "A description of the land of 'Mr. John Aldin, of Duxbery,' is entered under date of 4 December 1637, but with the modern annotation that this is a lter entry, and with the internal statement that one of the abuttors was 'Philip Delano, deceased,' which means that the entry must have been made in 1681 or later; this is immediately followed by an entry for another parcel of land which Alden bought of Edward Hall in 1651 [PCR 1:71, 73].

      "On 1 January 1684[/5] [36 Charles II] John Alden Sr. of Duxbury for 'that real love and parental affection which I bear to my beloved and dutiful son Jonathan Alden' deeded to him all my upland in Duxbury, for which 'see old book of grants and bounds of land anno 1637 folio 137,' and all other lands at Duxbury whether granted by court at Plymouth or town of Duxbury [PLR 6:53].

      "On 13 January 1686[/7] [2 James II] John Alden Sr. of Duxbury for 'that natural love and affection which I bear to my firstborn and dutiful son John Alden of Boston' deeded him one hundred acres at Pekard Neck alias Pachague with one-eighth of the meadow belonging to that place, and one hundred at Rootey Brook (brother David Alden is to have first right of purchase if John should wish to sell this hundred acres), together with a sixteen shilling purchase being the fifteenth lot, all in Middleborough, and one hundred acres, the first in a division of one thousand acres in Bridgewater [PLR 5:417].

      "On 19 August 1687 John Alden Sr. of Duxbury, cooper, gave to his sons Jonathan and David Alden five acres of salt marsh at Duxbury and 'my whole proportion in the Major's Purchase commonly so-called being the thirty-fifth part of said purchase' [MD 9:145, citing PLR 4:65].

      "The inventory of John Alden's estate was taken on 31 October 1687 by Jonathan Alden, and totalled L49 17s 6d., all movables. On 13 June 1688 the heirs of John Alden Sr. of Dusbury signed a release in favor of Jonathan Alden, stating that they had received their portion of the estate; those signing were Alexander Standish (in the right of his wife Sarah deceased), John Bass (in the right of his wife Ruth deceased), Mary Alden, Thomas Delano, John Alden, Joseph Alden, David Alden, Priscilla Alden and William Pabodie [PPR 1:10, 16; MD 3:10]."

      "According to Bradford, 'John Alden was hired a cooper at Southampton where the ship victualled, and being a hopeful young man was much desired but left to his own liking to go or stay when he came here; but he stayed and married here' [Bradford 443]. In his accounting of the Mayflower families in 1651, Bradford stated under William Mullins that 'his daughter Priscilla survived, and married with John Alden; who are both living and have eleven [sic] children. And their eldest daughter is married and hath five children [Bradford 445]. (As the marginal annotation for this entry gives the 'increasing' as fifteen, and the eldest daughter already had five children, the correct number for John and Priscilla is more likely ten [MD 39:111].

      "Many suggestions have been made as to the English origin of John Alden. Alicia Crane Williams has recently examined all the relevant evidence carefully and exhaustively, and comes to the conclusion that, although one or two of the suggested origins are 'tempting,' all are far from proved [MD 39:111-22; 40:133-36], 41:201]. By entering 'Southampton' [above], we are only taking note of Bradford's statement that Alden was hired at that port; we are not implying that he was born or raised there.

      "The present account differs somewhat from other accounts in the birth order of the children, and the approximated ages. The estimated dates of birth for the first two children (Elizabeth and John) are reasonably well-defined because they fell between the 1723 land division and the 1627 cattle division. The third child (Joseph) must have been born late in 1627 to appear on the 1643 list of men able to bear arms. The next date which we are able to fix is that of Jonathan, who was said at his death early in 1697 to be in his sixty-fifth year, and so born in 1632 (or possibly early in 1633); note that this gives us a gap of about five or six years between Joseph and Jonathan. We arbitrarily place one of the unmarried daughters, Priscilla, in this gap, although it might as well be Mary who fits here. The remainder of the children are then ranged after Jonathan at two year intervals. This makes Ruth about twenty-two when she married John Bass, and Rebecca about twenty-one when she was the subject of the unfortunate rumor. Given the paucity of solid evidence on many of these points, other plausible arrangements may be easily constructed.

      "Some accounts of the family of John Alden include a son Zachariah, who had a daughter Anne Alden who married in 1699 Josiah Snell. In 1948 Hallock P. Long demonstrated that this son never existed, and that Anna Alden was almost certainly the daughter of John Alden's son Jonathan [NEHGR 102:82-86].

      "Attempts have been made to include Henry Alden of Billerica, Roxbury and Dedham as a descendant of John Alden, but this cannot be. Henry Alden was rated in Billerica in 1688 [MEHGS 31:303], so he must have been born no later than 1667. The wills of John Alden's sons John and Joseph make it clear that neither of them had a son Henry. John Alden's son Jonathan did not marry until 1672, and his son David apparently even later than that. Henry Alden must have been a late immigrant to New England, with no known genealogical connection with John Alden of Plymouth and Duxbury [MD 42:21 ff].

      "As noted above, John Alden was frequently a member of the committee on the Kennebec trade. He had actively participated in the trade himself, and in early 1634 he became involved in an incident in which a party of Plymouth men led by himself and John Howland became embroiled with a group of men from the Piscataqua settlement which would grow into Dover [New Hampshire]. One man on each side was killed, and in the aftermath Alden was detained at Boston as security against the final resolution of the conflict. [See WJ 1:155-56, 163-63; WP 3:167-68; MBCR 1:119; and Bradford 262-68, for the particulars of this incident.]

      "The results of a 1960 season of digging are given by Roland Wells Robbins in Pilgrim John Alden's Progress: Archaeological Excavations in Duxbury (Plymouth: The Pilgrim Society, 1969)."

  • Sources 
    1. [S30] Great Migration Begins, The , Robert Charles Anderson, (New England Historic Genealogical Society, 101 Newbury St., Boston, MA 02116, 1995), ISBN 0-88082-044-6., 21.

    2. [S30] Great Migration Begins, The , Robert Charles Anderson, (New England Historic Genealogical Society, 101 Newbury St., Boston, MA 02116, 1995), ISBN 0-88082-044-6., 23.