Edward DOTY

Edward DOTY

Male Abt 1599 - 1655  (~ 56 years)

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  • Name Edward DOTY 
    Born Abt 1599 
    Gender Male 
    Immigration 1620  Plymouth, Plymouth County, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Aboard the Mayflower 
    Died 23 Aug 1655  Plymouth, Plymouth County, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I32292  FamilyWorld
    Last Modified 22 Nov 2011 

    Family 1 unknown,   b. Bef 6 Jan 1634/5 
    Married Bef 1635 
    • This marriage is not seen in any record. Her existence is implied only by Bradford's comment that Edward had "a second wife." [1]
    Last Modified 20 Sep 2011 
    Family ID F10678  Group Sheet

    Family 2 Faith CLARKE,   b. maybe 1600, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   bur. 21 Dec 1675, Marshfield, Plymouth County, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 75 years) 
    Married 6 Jan 1634/5  Plymouth, Plymouth County, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Children 
     1. Edward DOTY,   b. Abt 1636
    +2. John DOTY,   b. Abt 1638, Plymouth, Plymouth County, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 8 May 1701, Plymouth, Plymouth County, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 63 years)
    +3. Thomas DOTY,   b. Abt 1640
     4. Samuel DOTY,   b. Abt 1642
    +5. Desire DOTY,   b. Abt 1645,   d. 22 Jan 1731, Marshfield, Plymouth County, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 86 years)
     6. Elizabeth DOTY,   b. Abt 1646
     7. Isaac DOTY,   b. 8 Feb 1647/8, Plymouth, Plymouth County, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location
    +8. Joseph DOTY,   b. 30 Apr 1651, Plymouth, Plymouth County, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 3 May 1731, Rochester, Plymouth County, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 80 years)
    +9. Mary DOTY,   b. Abt 1653
    Last Modified 20 Sep 2011 
    Family ID F10675  Group Sheet

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsImmigration - Aboard the Mayflower - 1620 - Plymouth, Plymouth County, Massachusetts Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 6 Jan 1634/5 - Plymouth, Plymouth County, Massachusetts Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 23 Aug 1655 - Plymouth, Plymouth County, Massachusetts Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Maps 
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Photos
    'Mayflower in Plymouth Harbor' by William Halsall, 1882, at Pilgrim Hall Museum, Plymouth, Massachusetts, USA
    "Mayflower in Plymouth Harbor" by William Halsall, 1882, at Pilgrim Hall Museum, Plymouth, Massachusetts, USA
    'The Puritan' 1899 Augustus Saint-Gaudens
    "The Puritan" 1899 Augustus Saint-Gaudens

  • Notes 
    • Edward Doty's origins are unknown. He arrived 1620 aboard the Mayflower; his occupation was Planter. He was in the 1633 list of Plymouth Freeman, and in the Plymouth section of freemen in 1639. He is also in the Plymouth section of the 1643 list of men able to bear arms.

      "In the 1623 Plymouth division of land there are two consecutive entries for 'Edward [blank],' granted one acre; one of these must be for Edward Doty [PCR 12:4]. In the 1627 Plymouth division of cattle 'Edward Dolton' was the eleventh person in the fourth company [PCR 12:10].

      "Assessed L1 7s. in the Plymouth tax list of 25 March 1633, and 18s. in the list of 27 March 1634 [PCR 1:10, 27].

      "On 12 July 1637, 'Edward Dotey' sold for L150 to Richard Derby 'all those his messuages, houses and tenements at the High Cliff or Skeart Hill together with the four lots of lands and three other acres purchased of Josuah Pratt, Phineas Pratt and John Shawe,' with an exclusion of an inner chamber in the 'chief messuage ... wherein the said Edward Dotey layeth his corn' and that Doty would keep possession of the other house and three lots until he received all the L150 and reaped the crop of corn. If Richard Derby failed to return from old England or failed to have the L150 paid by harvest time, Doty could sow another crop and reap it until Derby returned or paid [PCR 12:20-21]. Apparently Derby settled for the single lot and paid L22 [PCR 112:46].

      "On 16 September 1641, Edward Doty was granted a forty acre parcell of upland at Lakenham [PCR 2:26]. On 7 May 1642 'Edward Dotey' purchased one acre of upland at High Cliff from Joshua Pratt [PCR 12:81]. On 5 May 1643 'Edward Dotey' sold two lots totalling forty acres of upland to Stephen Bryan and John Shaw Jr. [PCR 12:91]. On a list entitled 'Names of the Purchasers' probably dated after 26 December 1651, Edward Doty is twenty-first of fifty-eight [PCR 2:177].

      "In his will, dated 20 May 1655 and proved 5 March 1655/6, Edward Doty Senior of Plymouth 'being sick' bequeathed 'my purchase land lying at Coaksett unto my sons; my son Edward I give a double portion and to the rest of my sons equal alike,' only to 'my wife I leave a third during her life then after to return to my sons'; to 'my loving wife ... my house and lands and meadows within the precincts of New Plymouth'; 'my share of land at Punckquetest if it come to anything I give it unto my son Edward'; on 5 March 1655/6 'Faith the wife of Edward Dotten deceased' relinquished to her sons her right in lands at Coaksett [MD 3:87-88, citing PCPR 2:1:14].

      "The inventory of 'Edward Dotten lately deceased,' taken 21 November 1655, totalled L137 19s. 6d., of which L60 was real estate: 'his dwelling house and his land adjoining,' L25; 'threescore acres of upland with the meadow adjoining it lying in the woods,' L10; 'the land at Clarkes Iland,' L5; and 'the purchase land lying at Coakset,' L20 [MD 3:88-89, citing PCPR 2:1:15-16].

      "In her will, dated 12 December 1675 and proved 8 June 1676, 'Faith Phillips the wife of John Phillipes' of Marshfield 'though weak in body' bequeathed to 'my daughter Mary' L9 in 'my son John's hands'; to 'my daughter Elizabeth L6'; to 'my daughter Mary L3 due by bill of sale'; to 'my daughter Desire L6 due by my bill of sale and a warming pan.' On 4 November 1676 letters of administration were granted to 'John Rouse Junior of Marshfield ... in the behalf of himself his wife and sisters: viz: Desire [torn] and Mary Doten' [MD 3:89-90, citing PCPR 3:2:12]."

      "Edward Doty had a complex financial relationship with Richard Derby, but not one that necessarily implies kinship. "

      "In 1988 Neil D. Thompson published a refutation of the false claim for the ancestry of Edward Doty made by Gustav Anjou [TAG 63:215].

      "Bradford, in his accounting of 1651, stated that Edward Doty came on the Mayflower as a servant of Stephen Hopkins and that in 1650 'Edward Doty by a second wife hath seven children, and both he and they are living' [Bradford 442,447]. Doty signed the Mayflower Compact.

      "Doty went with his master Hopkins and more than a dozen others on the voyage of 'discovery' on 6 December 1620 [Mourt 31-32].

      "He is said to have been guilty of the 'second offence' committed in Plymouth. As Bradford tell us: '...the first duel fought in New England, upon a challenge at single combat with sword and dagger, between Edward Doty and Edward Leister, servants of Mr. Hopkins. Both being wounded, the one in the hand, the other in the thigh, they are adjusted by the whole company to have their head and feet tied together, and so to lie for twenty-four hours, without meat or drink; which is begun to be inflicted, but within an hour, because of their great pains, at their own and their master's humble request, upon promise of better carriage, they are released by the governor' [Prince 190-91, citing Bradford's lost register].

      "This incident set the tone for the next twenty years in which Doty was frequently in court for fighting, slandering, trespass and debt. Edward Doty was defendant in three civil suits at the court of 2 January 1632/3, all involving hogs; he won one and lost two [PCR 1:6-7]. On 1 April 1633 Doty was sued for slander by one of the winning plaintiffs just noted, and was fined 50s. [PCR 1:12].

      "Still he prospered, for he had an apprentice in 1633, although an unhappy one. On 2 January 1633/4 the Court settled a dispute between Edward Doty and his apprentice John Smith, reducing the time of apprenticeship from ten years to five [PCR 1:23]. On 31 August 1638 Doty received the assignation of seven years labor of William Snow from Snow's previous master, Richard Derby [PCR 1:94].

      "On 24 March 1633/4 Edward Doty was fined 10s. for breaking the peace and drawing blood from Josias Cooke [PCR 1:26]. On 28 March 1634 Edward Doty won a suit against Francis Sprague [PCR 1:29].

      "On 7 March 1636/7, Edward Doty was found guilty of a 'deceitful bargain' over a lot of land, and restored the lot to George Clarke [PCR 7:5]. The controversy continued when George Clark won damages and costs from Doty at court 2 October 1637, Clark charging him with denying liberty to hold land for the term he had taken it [PCR 7:6]. Things escalated, for that same day Clark also charged Doty for assault and battery, and Doty was further fined [PCR 7:6]. Doty was sued in less sanguinary encounters between 1638 and 1651 with Richard Derby, John Shaw, widow Bridget Fuller and John Holmes over debt and trespass, and lost them all [PCR 7:10, 15, 16, 47, 48, 56]. He successfully sued James Luxford for trespass, 7 December 1641 [PCR 7:26].

      "At court 1 February 1641/2, Thomas Symons charged 'Edward Dotey' with carelessly allowing cattle put in his hands to 'break into men's corn' endangering the cattle and other property, and Doty was ordered to put his cattle in a 'keep' [PCR 2:33].

      "On 10 February 1643/4 'Edward Dotey' was one of six men directed by the town of Plymouth to build a wolftrap at Plain Dealing [PTR 1:16]. In March, 1657, he was midway down the list of 'those that have interest and properties in the town's land at Punckateeset over against Rhode Island [PTR 1:37].

      "Writing in 1897 Ethan Allen Doty quotes many documents, including some that would be very helpful in refining our knowledge of this family, but which do not appear in the colony or town records. The most important of those would be receipts given by all the sons of the immigrant for their shares in his estate [The Doty-Doten Family in America (Brooklyn 1897), p. 28]. Perhaps these documents are privately held.

      "Daughter Desire, who married successively William Sherman, Isaac Holmes and Alexander Standish, was said to have been eighty-six when she died in 1731, placing her birth about 1645. But her last child by Standish was born in 1693, when she would have been forty-eight by this reckoning. She was probably a few years younger than her age at death shows, but it is hard to know just where to fit her into the sequence of children.

      "Savage states that the immigrant had children William and Faith, in addition to the children listed above, but there is no evidence for such children. From the probate records for Edward Doty's widow we may be sure that no daughter by the name of Faith survived to adulthood. Savage also claims that Edward Doty removed to Yarmouth, but all records place him in Plymouth.

      "In 1993 the General Society of Mayflower Descendants published the second edition of its 'in progress' volume on Edward Doty, edited by Peter Hill.

      [2]

  • Sources 
    1. [S30] Great Migration Begins, The , Robert Charles Anderson, (New England Historic Genealogical Society, 101 Newbury St., Boston, MA 02116, 1995), ISBN 0-88082-044-6., 574.

    2. [S30] Great Migration Begins, The , Robert Charles Anderson, (New England Historic Genealogical Society, 101 Newbury St., Boston, MA 02116, 1995), ISBN 0-88082-044-6., 573-577.