George ABBOTT

Male 1617 - 1681  (~ 64 years)


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  • Name George ABBOTT 
    Christened 26 May 1617  Bishop's Stortford, Hertfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Died 24 Dec 1681  Andover, Essex County, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • George [b. in England, was one of the first settlers of Andover, 1643. GR2], Dec. 24, 1681. [a. 66 y. GR2] [1]
    Person ID I4891  FamilyWorld
    Last Modified 24 Aug 2012 

    Father George ABBOTT,   b. 1587,   d. Aft 1628  (Age > 42 years) 
    Mother Elizabeth 
    Married 1615 
    Family ID F794  Group Sheet

    Family Hannah CHANDLER,   c. 22 May 1630, Bishop's Stortford, Hertfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 2 Jun 1711, Andover, Essex County, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 81 years) 
    Married 12 Dec 1646  Roxbury, Suffolk County, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
    +1. John ABBOTT,   b. 2 Mar 1647/8, Andover, Essex County, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 19 Mar 1720/21, Andover, Essex County, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 73 years)
     2. Joseph ABBOTT,   b. 11 Mar 1649, Andover, Essex County, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 24 Jun 1650, Andover, Essex County, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 1 years)
     3. Hannah ABBOTT,   b. 9 Jun 1650, Andover, Essex County, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 2 Mar 1741, Andover, Essex County, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 90 years)
     4. Joseph ABBOTT,   b. 30 Mar 1652, Andover, Essex County, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 8 Apr 1676  (Age 24 years)
     5. George ABBOTT,   b. 7 Jun 1655, Andover, Essex County, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 26 Feb 1736  (Age 80 years)
     6. William ABBOTT,   b. 18 Nov 1657, Andover, Essex County, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 21 Oct 1713, Andover, Essex County, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 55 years)
    +7. Sarah ABBOTT,   b. 14 Nov 1659, Andover, Essex County, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 29 Jun 1711, Andover, Essex County, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 51 years)
     8. Benjamin ABBOTT,   b. 20 Dec 1662, Andover, Essex County, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 30 Mar 1703, Andover, Essex County, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 40 years)
     9. Timothy ABBOTT,   b. 17 Nov 1663, Andover, Essex County, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 9 Sep 1730, Andover, Essex County, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 66 years)
     10. Thomas ABBOTT,   b. 6 May 1666, Andover, Essex County, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 28 Apr 1728, Andover, Essex County, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 61 years)
     11. Nathaniel ABBOTT,   b. 4 Jul 1671, Andover, Essex County, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1 Dec 1749  (Age 78 years)
    +12. Elizabeth ABBOTT,   b. 29 Jan 1673, Andover, Essex County, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 4 May 1750  (Age 77 years)
     13. Lydia ABBOTT,   b. Abt 1675,   d. 1739  (Age ~ 64 years)
    Last Modified 13 Jan 2012 
    Family ID F768  Group Sheet

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsChristened - 26 May 1617 - Bishop's Stortford, Hertfordshire, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 12 Dec 1646 - Roxbury, Suffolk County, Massachusetts Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 24 Dec 1681 - Andover, Essex County, Massachusetts Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Maps 
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Notes 
    • The first George Abbott to settle in Andover was one of the original 23 proprietors. This George was about 18 when he emigrated to the Bay Colony in the mid 1630's. It is almost certain that he traveled with the families of William Chandler and John Dane and others of Hertfordshire, and he undoubtedly first settled at Roxbury with the Chandler family.

      Since he was unmarried at the time of the formation of Andover township in 1643, George's proprietorship was probably sponsored by John Dane, a widower who had married William Chandler's widow [Annis Bayford] in 1643. (Dane was also the sponsor for his step-son, Thomas Chandler, who was only 15 at the time and apprenticed as a blacksmith.) George was granted a 4-acre home-lot with "accomodations," and here built his first home, not far distant from the house of Simon Bradstreet and the parsonage.

      On December 12, 1646, George married Hannah Chandler of Roxbury and they were to have 13 children (10 boys, 3 girls).

      In the mid 1650's, another George Abbot settled in Andover. As was the custom, the first George to settle was designated "Senior," and the second George was noted as "of Rowley," "the tailor," "the drummer," and/or "Junior."

      Some time prior to 1663, George "Senior" purchased a farm in the South End of Andover on which the family settled. The house was designated a "Garrison House" ...a place of refuge for all nearby residents during Indian attacks. In December of 1675, the Abbots' second eldest son, Joseph, was one of the 12 men of Andover impressed for service in the colonial forces' attack on the Narragansett's Fort in Rhode Island. All of the Andover men returned safely from "The Great Swamp Fight" of December 19, 1675, with only one man wounded.

      On April 8, 1676, "tradition says that the Indians were seen crossing the Merrimack River, and that Ephraim Stevens, a scout (and later the Abbots' son-in-law), gave the alarm. The neighbors fled to the Abbots' garrison house, but the two Abbot brothers, Joseph and Timothy, at work in the fields, could not reach the shelter before the Indians were upon them. Joseph Abbot, 24, survivor of "The Great Swamp Fight," a strong, athletic man, made a brave resistance, and killed one or more of the Indians; but was finally set upon by the whole band and cut down, and Timothy, 12-1/2, was taken captive. Goodwife Abbot's boy of Andover was brought home, almost starved, by a squaw that had always been tender to him whilst he was in captivity" (Sarah Loring Bailey, "Historical Sketches of Andover, Massachusetts" [1888]).

      Nearing his 65th birth, and "being aged and crasey in body," George wrote his will on December 21, 1681. "The will of George Abbot is notable for its tribute to the fidelity and virtues of his wife" (Bailey).

      The will also stated that "if any of the sons should be guilty of disobedient carriage toward their mother, they should be cutt short in the portion." The overseers of the will were Hannah's two brothers, Thomas and William Chandler, and "my loving friend, John Barker."

      George Abbot, "Senior," died on December 24, 1681, at the age of 64-1/2. The inventory of his real estate, including buildings, was valued at 350 pounds. An inventory of his estate was made on January 18, 1681/2, and valued at 587 pounds, 12 shillings, 5 pence.

      At the time, Widow Hannah Abbot was only 51-1/2, and had five sons and a daughter still at home. Young Benjamin was a handful, apparently, for in 1683, Naomi (Hoyt) Lovejoy, 28, a widow of three years, "came in voluntarily of herselfe" to acknowledge her sexual relationship with Benjamin Abbot, then a young man of twenty-one and a half" (Philip J. Grevan, Jr., "Four Generations: Population, Land and Family in Colonial Andover, Massachusetts [1970] (errors in Abbot genealogies). A listing in the Andover Vital Records shows, "Ben Naomi, daughter illegitimate, Benjamin Abbot and Naomi Lovejoy, born in Andover, in 1684."

      In 1690, the widow Hannah (Chandler) Abbot, now 60, married her step-brother, the Rev. Francis Dane, 75, whose second wife had died the previous year. In 1692, the Rev. Dane became the prime target of the accusers in the witchcraft tragedy. Four years later, in February of 1697, Francis Dane died.

      At age 67 Hannah was again a widow. Francis Dane left her 20 pounds in cash and stock, all of her own movables except the tobacco and candles that had been used up. His sons were to pay her an annuity during her widowhood of 4 pounds of grain or cattle (Bailey).

      An original deed of February 10, 1706/7, is "the only deed found in which a woman alone conveys real estate:

      "Know all men by These presents that I, Hannah Abbott, alias Dane, Relict to gorg Abbott late of Andover deceased, for the natural afecion I bare to my sons, Timothy, Thomas, and Nathaniel Abbott, doe give to my sons above named, all my right in the common and undivided land in the Township of Andover aforesaid, which doth or may hereafter belong to the lott of my former husband, geog Abbot, late of Andover, deceased" (Bailey)

      Hannah (Chandler) Abbot Dane died on June 2, 1711, in Andover, age 81-1/2 years. She was survived by nine of her 13 children.

      The descendants of George and Hannah Abbot, on the occasion of the 200th anniversary of the settlement of Andover, erected a monument to their memory in the South Church Burying Ground. [2]
    • "A Genealogical History of the Clark and Worth Families": George Abbot was born in 1616, and came from Yorkshire, England, to Roxbury Ma. in 1638 with Rev. Ezekiel Rogers. He lived for a time in Roxbury where he married, December 12, 1646, Hannah, daughter of William Chandler who came on the same ship. Abbot, a tailor and the church sexton, was one of the first Andover settlers in 1643, and the house he built there was for many years in the possession of his descendants. It was used as a garrison for the shelter of neighbors during Indian attacks. It is believed likely that the three Abbots of Andover were related, probably sons of three brothers, one of whom with three sons went to Rowley. Forty-four of this name had graduated from New England colleges by 1844.

      George Abbot could write and served on the grand jury in 1658 and in 1676; in 1658 was commissioner for Andover and in 1663 was constable. In 1669 he was chosen arbitrator in a civil case. He died December 24, 1681, in Andover, and his widow married, as his third wife, the Rev. Francis Dane. Hannah survived Mr. Dane and died June 11, 1711, aet 82. Their descendants, in respect "for their moral worth and Christian virtues," erected a monument to their memory in 1843.

      From "English Origins of New England Families, Vol. II": The baptismal record at Bishops-Stortford says "George Abbot sonne of George & Elizabeth baptized May xxijth 1617." About the time George Abbott came of age, he emigrated to New England, coming, according to tradition among his descendants which was published nearly a century ago; in the same ship which brought the family of Hannah Chandler, whom he married a few years later. As it is now proved that he came from the same place in England as the Chandlers, the tradition that he accompanied them may be considered to be correct; and therefore his emigration took place in 1637, as the church records of Roxbury state that the Chandlers came in that year. Doubtless the influence and preaching of Rev. John Eliot were responsible for the emigration to New England of George Abbott, as they were for the emigration of many of the other early settlers of Roxbury.

      George Abbott lived for a few years at Roxbury, but, when a new plantation was planned at Andover, in 1643, he became one of the first proprietors and settlers of that town. He lived at first in the northern section of the town, but about 1660 he established a farm in the South Parish, part of which still continues in the family. His house, which was fortified for a garrison against Indian attacks, was owned and occupied by his descendants for seven generations, until it was demolished about 1860. During King Philip's War a force of Indians made an attack on Andover, on 8 Apr. 1676. The villagers fled to the garrisons for protection; but two of George Abbott's sons, Joseph and Timothy, were intercepted in the fields. After a desperate fight the former was killed, and the latter was taken prisoner; but he afterwards escaped and returned to his home. The rest of the family reached their garrison, and succeeded in repulsing the attacks of the savages.

      George Abbott was not active in public affairs, holding only minor town offices, such as surveyor of highways in 1673 and brander of cattle in 1676; but that he was one of the most substantial citizens of the town is shown by the tax rate made on 3 Sept. 1679, when, among ninety taxpayers, he was assessed 10s. 5d. only six persons having a larger assessment. In a list of one hundred and sixteen male inhabitants of Andover above the age of sixteen years who took the oath of allegiance to the King on 11 Feb. 1678/79 appear George Abbott, Sr., and [his sons] John, George, Jr., William, and Benjamin Abbott. (Ipswich Deeds, at Salem, vol. 4, fo. 237.) On 18 Nov 1656 George Abbott, aged about forty years, deposed about John Perley coming to Andover. (Essex County Court Files, for 9 Apr. 1657.) An abstract of the will of George Abbott follows.

      The Will of "George Abbut" of Andover co Essex, aged and "crasey" in body, dated 12 Dec. 1681. Considering the great love and affection I have until my loving wife Hannah Abbut and the tender love she hath had to me and her care and diligence in helping me to get and save what God has blessed us with and also her prudence in management of the same, I leave her my whole estate forlife, she to dispose of the same among my children, with the advice of my overseers, my eldest son, John Abbot, to have a double portion. My wife is to be sole executrix, and my brothers Thomas and William Chandler and my friend John Barker are to be overseers. [Signed] Georg Abbott. Witnesses: Thomas Chandler, Timothy Abbott. Proved 28 Mar. 1682.

      The inventory of his estate, taken by the overseers and presented by the widow and executrix on 28 Mar. 1682, showed real estate appraised at L350, live stock, L91, and household goods and husbandry utensils, L46. 12s. 5d., a total of L487. 12s. 5d. (Essex Probate Records, file no. 43).

  • Sources 
    1. [S15] AndoverMAVR, website: http://ma-vitalrecords.org/MA/Essex/Andover/, pg. 371.

    2. [S23] NEHGS, website: www.americanancestors.org, The Essex Genealogist, vol. 20, pgs. 19-20.